Psych and Soc CH 1 Biology and Behavior

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  1. Franz Gall
    phrenology, bumps on head
  2. extirpation/ablation
    parts of brain are removed and behavior is observed
  3. functionalism
    mental processes help individuals adapt to their environments
  4. two divisions of autonomic nervous system
    sympathetic and parasympathetic
  5. sympathetic
    fight or flight
  6. parasympathetic
    rest and digest
  7. layers from scalp to brain
    • skin
    • periosteum
    • bone
    • dura mater
    • arachnoid mater
    • pia mater
  8. principal structures of the forebrain
    • cerebral cortex
    • basal ganglia
    • limbic system
    • thalamus
    • hypothalamus
  9. cerebral cortex
    complex perceptual, cognitive, behavioral processes
  10. basal ganglia
  11. limbic system
    emotion and memory
  12. thalamus
    sensory relay station
  13. hypothalamus
    • fighting
    • fleeing
    • feeding
    • fornicating
  14. structures of midbrain
    inferior and superior colliculi
  15. superior colliculus
    receives visual sensory input
  16. inferior colliculus
    receives auditory sensory input
  17. principal structures of hindbrain
    • cerebellum
    • medulla oblongata
    • reticular formation
  18. medulla oblongata
    • vital functions
    • breathing
    • heart rate
    • blood pressure
  19. cerebellum
  20. reticular formation
    arousal and alertness
  21. pons
    sensory and motor pathways between cortex and medulla
  22. EEG
    electrical activity of brain
  23. rCBF
    neural activity based on blood flow
  24. lateral hypothalamus
    triggers eating and drinking
  25. ventromedial hypothalamus
    signals to stop eating
  26. anterior hypothalamus
    controls sexual behavior
  27. amygdala
    fear and rage
  28. hippocampus
    long-term memories
  29. anterograde amnesia
    no more new long-term memories
  30. retrograde amnesia
    memory loss
  31. temporal lobe
    • auditory cortex
    • Wernicke's area
  32. Wernicke's area
    language reception and comprehension
  33. acetylcholine
    attention and alertness
  34. catecholamines
    epinephrine and norepinephrine
  35. epinephrine (adrenaline)/norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
    alertness and wakefulness
  36. loss of cholinergic neurons connecting with hippocampus leads to:
    Alzheimer's Disease
  37. low levels of NE are associated with:
  38. high levels of NE are associated with:
    anxiety and mania
  39. dopamine
    movement and posture
  40. too much dopamine or oversensitivity to dopamine leads to:
  41. loss of dopaminergic neurons in the basal ganglia is associated with:
    Parkinson's disease
  42. serotonin
    mood, eating, sleeping, dreaming
  43. oversupply of serotonin leads to:
  44. undersupply of serotonin leads to:
  45. Effects of GABA
    inhibitory, hyperpolarization of postsynaptic membrane
  46. Effects of glycine
    increases Cl- influx into neurons, hyperpolarizing postsynaptic membrane
  47. glutamate
    excitatory NT
  48. endorphins
    natural painkillers
  49. family studies
    compare rates of a given trait among family members to those among unrelated individuals
  50. neurulation
    ectoderm begins to furrow, forming a neural groove surrounded by neural folds
  51. neural tube
    the furrow closes to form a tube
  52. alar plate
    differentiates into sensory neurons
  53. basal plate
    differentiates into motor neurons
  54. rooting reflex
    turning of the head in the direction of a stimulus that touches the cheek
  55. Moro reflex
    abrupt movements of their heads by flighing out their arms
  56. Babinski reflex
    toes spread apart when sole is stimulated
  57. pineal gland
    melatonin, circadian rhythm
Card Set:
Psych and Soc CH 1 Biology and Behavior
2016-05-10 20:45:59

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