CLS11 - Fluids

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  1. What is pleural effusion and what are the two types?
    • Excess pleural fluid caused by disease
    • Transudate: fluid that has passed through a membrane
    • high fluidity, low solid content (clear, <)
    • result of physical deformation
    • Exudate: fluid that has escaped vessels
    • high solid content (cloudy, >)
    • result of infection (WBCs, pus, etc)
  2. What is ascites? What is normally the cause? What characteristics would you expect from the fluid?
    • Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (around intestines)
    • Liver disease
    • Inflammatory cells, elevated protein
  3. What is peritonitis? Primary vs secondary?
    • Peritonitis: inflammatory condition of the peritoneum MEMBRANE
    • Primary: infection spread from blood and lymph nodes
    • Secondary: perforated organ, surgery, trauma, loss of bowel integrity, etc
  4. What is CAPD? Describe it
    • Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
    • Fluid is injected into the pertinoeal cavity and then removed (exchange of salts, water, waste) in lieu of functioning kidneys
    • *break in the skin increases risk of contamination
  5. How is peritonitis diagnosed? Common players?
    • 2/3 of... Cloudy dialysate, Abdominal pain, Positive blood culture from dialysate
    • skin flaura (Staph epidermidis, Staph aureus, Streptococci, Candida, etc)
  6. Normal vol of pericardial fluid vs infections + normal agents?
    • Normal: 15-20mL
    • Infection: can reach 500mL (stress on heart)
    • agents: viruses
  7. What is myocarditis? typical players?
    • Inflammation of heart MUSCLE that can accompany pericarditis
    • *inflammatory response worsens effects
    • agents: coxackie virus, echoviruses, adenovirus
  8. d
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CLS11 - Fluids
2016-05-16 03:45:40
CLS11 Fluids
CLS11 - Fluids
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