Medical Terms ch. 2

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VASUpharm14
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Medical Terms ch. 2
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2010-08-31 14:13:13
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For IBHS 526 lab medical terms ch.2
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  1. context: specialist

    suffix: -er, -ist
    one who
  2. context: specialist

    suffix: -iatrician
    practitioner
  3. context: specialist

    suffix: -logist
    one who studies; specialist
  4. context: specialty

    suffix: -ac, -al, -ic, -logic, -logical
    pertaining to
  5. context: specialty

    suffix: -iatrics, -iatry
    medical profession or treatment
  6. context: specialty

    suffix: -logy
    study or science of
  7. combining form
    cardi/o
    heart

    ex: cardiologist (specialist)/ cardiology (specialty)
  8. combining form
    crin/o
    to secrete

    ex: endocrinologist (specialist)/ endocrinology (specialty)
  9. combining form
    dermat/o
    skin

    ex: dermatologist (specialist)/ dermatology (specialty)
  10. combining form
    esthesi/o
    feeling or sensation

    ex: anesthesiologist (specialist)/ anesthesiology (specialty)
  11. combining form
    gastr/o , enter/o
    stomach, intestines (sometimes refers specifically to small intestines)

    ex: gastroenterologist (specialist)/ gastroenterology (specialty)
  12. combining form
    ger/a, ger/o, geront/o
    elderly

    ex: geriatrician (specialist)/ geriatrics (specialty)
  13. combining form
    gynec/o
    female

    ex: gynecologist (specialist) /gynecology (specialty)
  14. combining form
    immun/o
    immune

    ex: immunologist (specialist) / immunology (specialty)
  15. combining form
    ne/o, nat/o
    new, birth

    ex: neonatologist (specialist) / neonatology (specialty)
  16. combining form
    neur/o
    nerve

    ex: neurologist (specialist) / neurology (specialty)
  17. combining form
    obstetr/o
    midwife

    ex: obstetrician (specialist)/ obstetrics (specialty)
  18. combining form
    onc/o
    tumor

    ex: oncologist (specialist)/ oncology (specialty)
  19. combining form
    ophthalm/o
    eye

    ex: ophthalmologist (specialist)/ ophthalmology (specialty)
  20. combining form
    orth/o, ped/o
    straight, child (sometimes foot)

    ex: orthopedist/orthopedic surgeon (specialist)/ orthopedics (specialty)
  21. combining form
    ot/o, laryng/o
    ear, larynx

    ex: otolaryngologist (specialist), otolaryngology (specialty)
  22. combining form
    path/o
    disease

    ex: pathologist (specialist) / pathology (specialty)
  23. combining form
    ped/o
    child (sometimes foot)

    ex: pediatrician (specialist)/ pediatrics (specialty)
  24. combining form
    psych/o
    mind

    ex: psychiatrist (specialist) / psychiatry (specialty)
  25. combining form
    radi/o
    radiation (sometimes radius)

    ex: radiologist (specialist)/ radiology (specialty)
  26. combining form
    rheumat/o
    rheumatism

    ex: rheumatologist (specialist) / rheumatology (specialty)
  27. combining form
    rhin/o
    nose

    ex: rhinologist (specialist) / rhinology (specialty)
  28. combining form
    ur/o
    urinary tract (sometimes urine)

    ex: urologist (specialist) / urology (speciality)
  29. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -centesis
    • surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
    • ex:amniocentesis
  30. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -ectomy
    • excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
    • ex:appendectomy
  31. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -lysis
    • process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
    • ex:hemolysis
  32. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -pexy
    • surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
    • ex:mastopexy
  33. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -plasty
    • surgical repair
    • ex: mammoplasty
  34. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -rrhaphy
    • suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
    • ex: angiorrhaphy
  35. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -scopy
    • visual examination with a lighted instrument (not always a surgical procedure)
    • ex: microscopy
  36. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -stomy
    • formation of an opening
    • ex:tracheostomy
  37. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -tome
    • an instrument used for cutting
    • ex: microtome
  38. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -tomy
    • incision (cutting into tissue)
    • ex: tracheotomy
  39. context: surgical procedures
    suffix: -tripsy
    • surgical crushing
    • ex: lithotripsy
  40. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    aden/o
    • gland
    • ex:adenoids
  41. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    angi/o
    • vessel
    • ex: angiogram
  42. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    append/o, appendic/o
    • appendix
    • ex:appendectomy
  43. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    bi/o
    • life or living
    • ex:biology
  44. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    blephar/o
    • eyelid
    • ex:blepharoptosis
  45. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    cerebr/o, encephal/o
    • brain (cerebr/o sometimes means cerebrum: the main portion of the brain)
    • ex:cerebral palsy, encephalitis
  46. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    chir/o
    • hand
    • ex:chirospasm
  47. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    col/o
    • colon or large intestine
    • ex: coloscopy/colonoscopy
  48. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    cutane/o, derm/a, dermat/o
    • skin
    • ex:cutaneous, dermabrasion, dermatologist
  49. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    faci/o
    • face
    • ex:facial
  50. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    hepat/o
    • liver
    • ex:hepatitis
  51. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    mamm/o, mast/o
    • breast
    • ex: mammography, mastectomy
  52. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    muscul/o, my/o
    • muscle
    • ex: muscular, myalgia
  53. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    myel/o
    • bone marrow or spinal cord
    • ex:myelopathy
  54. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    oste/o
    • bone
    • ex: osteoarthritis
  55. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    pulm/o, pulmon/o, pneum/o (sometimes means air or gas), pneumon/o
    • lungs
    • ex: pulmonary, pneumatic, pneumonia
  56. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    tonsill/o
    • tonsil
    • ex: tonsillitis
  57. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    trache/o
    • trachea (windpipe)
    • ex:tracheostomy
  58. context: combining forms for selected body structures
    vas/o
    • vessel; ductus deferens (aka vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicle)
    • ex: vasectomy
  59. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: - lith
    • stone or calculus
    • ex:cholelith
  60. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -malacia
    • soft, softening
    • ex: osteomalacia
  61. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -mania
    • excessive preoccupation
    • ex: kleptomania
  62. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -megaly
    • enlargement
    • ex: megaton (more familiar with mega-)
  63. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    -oid (forms adjectives and nouns)
    • resembling
    • ex:mucoid, paranoid means resembling paranoia
  64. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -oma
    • tumor
    • ex:carcinoma
  65. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -osis
    • condition (often an abnormal condition; sometimes an increase)
    • ex: neurosis
  66. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -pathy
    • disease
    • ex: pathogenic (derived from -pathy is path/o)
  67. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -penia
    • deficiency
    • ex: calcipenia
  68. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -phobia
    • abnormal fear
    • ex: hydrophobia (fear of rabies, animals with rabies avoid water due to paralysis from virus) ... interesting huh
  69. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -ptosis
    • prolapse (sagging)
    • ex: ptosis (ex in drooping of eyelid)
  70. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -rrhage, -rrhagia
    • excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
    • ex: hemorrhage
  71. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -rrhea
    • flow or discharge
    • ex: gonorrhea
  72. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -rrhexis
    • rupture
    • ex: cardiorrhexis
  73. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -spasm
    • twitching, cramp
    • ex: spasm
  74. context: symptoms or diagnosis
    suffix: -stasis
    • stopping, controlling
    • ex: stasis
  75. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -able, -ible
    adjective
    • capable of, able to
    • ex: preventable
  76. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ive, -tic
    adjective
    • pertaining to
    • ex:cardiac, thermal, median, alveolar, salivary, peritoneal, lymphatic, invasive, nephrotic
  77. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -ase
    noun
    • enzyme
    • ex: lactase
  78. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -eum, -ium
    noun
    • membrane
    • ex: peritoneum
  79. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -ia, -ism
    noun
    • condition or theory
    • ex: synergism
  80. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -iac
    noun
    • one who suffers
    • ex: hemophiliac
  81. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -opia
    noun
    • vision
    • ex: diplopia
  82. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -ose
    noun
    • sugar
    • ex: lactose
  83. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -ous
    adjective
    • pertaining to or characterized by
    • ex: cancerous
  84. Context: miscellaneous
    suffix: -y
    noun
    • state or condition
    • ex: atrophy
  85. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: amyl/o
    • starch
    • ex: amylase
  86. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: glyc/o
    • sugar
    • ex: hypoglycemia
  87. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: hemat/o
    • blood
    • ex: hematemesis
  88. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: lact/o
    • milk
    • ex: lactation
  89. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: lip/o
    • fat
    • ex: lipids
  90. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: lith/o
    • stone
    • ex: lithology
  91. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: micro-
    • small
    • ex: microscope
  92. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: muc/o
    • mucus
    • ex: mucous membranes secrete mucus
  93. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: prote/o, protein/o
    • protein
    • ex: proteinuria
  94. Context: miscellaneous
    word part: pyr/o
    • fire
    • ex: pyromaniacs

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