Xray positioning structures seen

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  1. PA Chest
    • Entire lungs
    • Heart
    • Great Vessels
  2. Lateral Chest
    • Entire lungs
    • Heart
    • Great Vessels
  3. AP Lordotic Chest
    Apices of lungs without clavicular superimposition
  4. Lateral Decubitus Chest
    Both lungs to demonstrate air-fluid levels
  5. Soft Tissue Neck Lateral
    Larynx and air-filled trachea
  6. Soft Tissue Neck AP
    Larynx and air-filled trachea
  7. KUB Upright
    • L-spine
    • Lower ribs
    • Diaphragm
    • Liver
    • Kidneys
  8. KUB Supine
    • L-spine
    • Lower ribs
    • Pubic Symphysis
    • Kidneys
  9. Left Lateral Decub Abdomen
    • Liver
    • Kidneys
    • Air-fluid levels in abdomen
  10. AP, Oblique, or Lateral Finger
    • Phalanges
    • Distal metacarpals
  11. AP, Lateral, or Oblique Thumb
    • Proximal phalanges
    • Distal phalanges
    • Metacarpal
    • Trapezium
  12. AP Axial Thumb
    Modified Robert's Method - Thumb
    • Thumb
    • First CMC joint without superimposition
    • Trapezium
  13. PA Stress Thumb
    Folio Method
    • Entire thumbs
    • First metacarpals of both hands
  14. PA, Oblique, or Lateral Hand
    • Carpals
    • Metacarpals
    • Phalanges
    • Distal Radius
    • Distal Ulna
  15. AP Oblique Hand
    Norgaard
    Ball Catcher's
    • Both sets of:
    • Carpals, Metacarpals, Phalanges

    Both distal radii and ulnae
  16. PA Wrist
    • Mid- and proximal metacarpals
    • Carpals
    • Distal Radius
    • Distal Ulna
  17. Oblique Wrist
    • Mid and proximal metacarpals
    • Carpals
    • Distal radius
    • Distal Ulna
    • Trapezium
    • Scaphoid
  18. Lateral Wrist
    • Mid and proximal metacarpals
    • Carpals
    • Distal Radius and Ulna superimposed
  19. PA Scaphoid
    • Carpals
    • Proximal metacarpals
    • Distal Radius and Ulna
    • Scaphoid without foreshortening and free of superimposition
  20. Wrist - Modified Stetcher Method
    • Carpals
    • Proximal metacarpals
    • Distal Radius and Ulna
    • Scaphoid without foreshortening and free of superimposition
  21. Wrist - Radial Deviation
    • Proximal Metacarpals
    • Distal radius and ulna
    • open lateral intercarpal joint spaces
  22. Wrist - Carpal Tunnel
    Gaynor-Hart Method
    Carpal Tunnel to rule out abnormal calcifications that can impinge on median nerve
  23. Carpal Bridge
    Tangential view of dorsal aspect of:

    • Scaphoid
    • Lunate
    • Triquetrum
  24. AP Forearm
    • Entire radius and ulna
    • Distal humerus
    • Carpals
  25. Lateral Forearm
    • Entire radius and ulna
    • Distal humerus
    • Carpals
    • Distal radius and ulna superimposed
  26. AP Elbow
    • Elbow joint
    • Distal humerus
    • Proximal radius and ulna
  27. Lateral Elbow
    • Elbow joint
    • Distal humerus
    • Proximal radius and ulna
  28. Elbow - Coyle Method
    • Radial head, neck, tuberosity
    • Coronoid process of ulna
  29. Radial Head Laterals
    Elbow with special attention to radial head
  30. Humerus - Internal Rotation
    • Entire humerus
    • Proximal forearm
    • Shoulder joint
  31. Humerus - External Rotation
    • Entire humerus
    • Proximal Forearm
    • Shoulder joint
  32. Transthoracic Humerus
    Lawrence Method
    Humerus and shoulder to rule out fracture or dislocation
  33. Humerus - Trauma Horizontal Beam
    Lateromedial Lateral
    Lateral view of:

    • Distal humerus
    • Elbow Joint
    • Proximal Forearm
  34. AP Shoulder - External Rotation
    • Entire clavicle
    • Entire scapula
    • Proximal Humerus
  35. AP Shoulder - Internal Rotation
    • Entire Clavicle
    • Entire Scapula
    • Proximal Humeus
  36. Scapular Y
    Proximal humerus superimposed over lateral scapula
  37. Inferiorsuperior Axiolateral Projection of Shoulder
    Lawrence Method
    Lateral view of proximal humerus in relation to glenoid cavity
  38. PA Shoulder
    Hobbs Modification
    Lateral view of proximal humerus in relation to glenoid cavity
  39. Inferiosuerior Axial Projection of Shoulder
    Clements Modification
    Lateral view of proximal humerus in relation to glenoid cavity
  40. AP Shoulder Oblique
    Grashey Method
    Glenoid cavity in profile
  41. Tangential projection of Shoulder
    Intertubercular Groove
    Fisk Modification
    Intertubercular groove
  42. Shoulder - Supraspinatous Outlet
    Neer Method
    Coracoacromial arch above humeral head
  43. AP Apical Oblique Axial Shoulder
    Garth Method
    • Humeral Head
    • Glenoid cavity
    • Head of scapula
  44. AP Scapula
    Entire scapula
  45. Lateral Scapul
    Entire scapula projected free from ribs, clear of costal superimposition
  46. Oblique Scapula
    Oblique view of entire scapula
  47. AP Clavicle
    Clavicle to include AC joint and SC joint
  48. Axial Clavicle
    Axial view of clavicle
  49. AC Joints with and without weights
    Both AC joints compared with and without joints to look for AC separation.
  50. AP, Oblique, Lateral Toe
    Metatarsal and phalanges
  51. AP Foot
    Entire foot except talus and calcaneus
  52. Oblique foot
    Entire foot except talus and calcaneus
  53. Lateral Foot ( Mediolateral lateral )
    Entire foot to include ankle joint
  54. Plantodorsal Calcaneus
    Entire calcaneus to include talcocalcaneal joint
  55. Calcaneus - Medolateral Lateral
    • Calcaneus in profile
    • Talus
    • Distal tib-fib
    • Navicular
    • Open joint space of calcaneus and cuboid distally
  56. AP Ankle
    • Distal tib-fib
    • Entire andle joint
    • Proximal half of metatarsals
    • Fifth metatarsal
  57. Lateral Ankle - Mediolateral lateral
    • Lateral view of Distal tib-fib
    • Talus
    • Calcaneus
    • Base of Fifth metatarsal
  58. Oblique Ankle
    • Lateral view of Distal tib-fib
    • Talus
    • Calcaneus
    • Base of Fifth metatarsal
  59. AP Tib-Fib
    Entire tib-fib to include ankle and knee joint
  60. Lateral Tib-fib
    Entire tib-fib to include ankle and knee joint
  61. AP Knee
    • Knee joint
    • Patella
    • Distal Femur
    • Proximal Tib-fib
  62. Oblique Knee
    • Knee joint
    • Patella
    • Distal Femur
    • Proximal Tib-fib
  63. Lateral Knee
    • Distal Femur
    • Proximal tib-fib
    • Superimposed Condyles
  64. AP Lower Femur
    Mid- and distal femur, to include knee joint
  65. Lateral Lower Femur
    Mid- and distal femur to include knee jont
  66. Hip AP ( Proximal Femur AP )
    • Acetabulum
    • Femoral head and neck
    • Trochanter
  67. Hip Lateral ( mediolateral lateral )
    Proximal Femur Lateral
    • Lateral view of acetabulum
    • Femoral Head
    • Trochanters
  68. Axiolateral Trauma Hip
    Danelius-Miller
    Lateral view of:

    • Acetabulum
    • Head of femur
    • Neck of femur
    • Trochanter
  69. AP Axial SI Joint
    • SI joints
    • S1
    • L5
    • Sacrum
  70. LPO / RPO SI Joints
    SI joint furthest from IR
  71. AP Pelvis
    • Pelvic girdle
    • L5
    • Sacrum
    • Coccyx
    • Femoral head, neck, trochanters
  72. Pelvis - Modified Cleaves / Frogleg
    • Pelvic girdle
    • L5
    • Sacrum
    • Coccyx
    • Lateral views of Femoral head, neck, trochanters
  73. Lateral C-Spine
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Spinous processes
    • Intervertebral joints
    • Interarticular joints
  74. Odontoid
    • Dens
    • Vertebral body of C2
    • Lateral masses of C1 and C2
  75. AP Axial C-spine
    C3 - T3
  76. RPO / LPO Axial C-spine
    • Intervertebral foramen
    • Pedicles farthest from IR
  77. C-spine Swimmers
    C5 - T3
  78. C-spine Flexion / Extension
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Spinous Processes
    • Intervertebral joints
    • Interarticular joints
  79. C-Spine Judd Method
    Dens
  80. C-spine Ottonello Metthod / Wagging Jaw
    Dens
  81. AP T-spine
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Intervertebral joints
    • Transverse Processes
    • Spinous processes
  82. Lateral T-spine
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Intervertebral joints
    • Intervertebral foramen
  83. Swimmers T-spine
    C7 - T1 space?
  84. AP Lspine
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Transverse processes
    • Spinous processes
  85. L-spine AP Axial "Upshot"
    • L5 - S1 joint space
    • SI joints
  86. L-spine Oblique RPO, LPO
    • Interarticular joints
    • Scottie Dog
  87. L-spine Lateral
    • Vertebral bodies
    • Intervertebral Joints
    • Spinous processes
    • Intervertebral Foramina
  88. L-spine Cone-down / L5-S1 cone-down
    Lateral view of L5 - S1 joint space
  89. AP Axial Sacrum
    • Sacrum
    • SI Joints
    • L5-S1 joint space
  90. AP Axial Coccyx
    Coccyx free from superimposition
  91. Lateral Sacrum
    • Lateral view of L5-S1 joint space
    • Lateral view of sacrum
  92. RAO Sternum
    Sternum over heart shadow
  93. Lateral Sternum
    Lateral view of sternum
  94. PA SC Joints
    SC Joints
  95. RAO, LAO oblique SC joints
    SC Joints
  96. Esophagram
    Mouth to Cardiac Antrum
  97. UGI
    Pharynx to cardiac antrum
  98. AP Axial Skull
    Townes Method
    • Occipital bone
    • Petrous pyramids
    • Foramen Magnum
  99. PA Axial Skull
    Caldwell Method
    • Frontal bone
    • Superior Orbital Fissures
    • Frontal Ethmoid Sinuses

    This projects petrous ridges into lower 1/3 of orbits
  100. Lateral Skull
    • Parietal bones
    • Sella Turcica
    • Entire Lateral cranium closest to film
  101. PA Axial Facial Bones
    Caldwell
    • Orbital Rim
    • Maxilla
    • Nasal Septum
  102. Lateral Facial Bones
    • Superimposed facial bones
    • Greater Wings
    • Orbital roofs
    • Sella Turcica
  103. Parietoacanthial Projection Facial Bones
    Waters View - Facial Bones
    • Infraorbital Rim
    • Maxilla
    • Nasal Septum
    • Zygomatic bone
  104. Modified Waters
    Entire orbital Rim
  105. Lateral Nasal Bones
    Nasal Bone and soft tissue
  106. Submentovertex / SMV - Zygomas
    Zygomatic Arches
  107. Parieto-orbital
    Rhese Method
    Orbit with optic foramen within it
  108. PA Mandible
    • Mandibular Rami
    • Lateral portion of body of mandible
  109. Axiolateral Mandible ( bilateral )
    Body and rami of mandible
  110. AP Axial TMJ
    Modified Townes TMJ
    • TMJ closest to IR
    • Condyle within mandibular fossa ( closed )
    • Condyle anterior to mandibular fossa ( open )
  111. Axiolateral Oblique TMJ
    Modified Law TMJ
    • TMJ closest to IR
    • Condyle within mandibular fossa ( closed )
    • Condyle anterior to mandibular fossa ( open )
  112. Lateral Sinus View
    All four sinuses:

    • Frontal
    • Ethmoid
    • Sphenoid
    • Maxillary
  113. Caldwell Sinus View
    • Frontal sinuses
    • Ethmoid sinuses
  114. Waters Sinus View
    Oblique view of frontal sinuse
  115. SMV Sinuses
    • Sphenoid
    • Ethmoid
    • Maxillary sinuses

Card Set Information

Author:
Ghoelix
ID:
320327
Filename:
Xray positioning structures seen
Updated:
2016-05-21 21:25:29
Tags:
xray positioning structures
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Description:
Structures seen on different xray exams
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