CH 12 Basics of Chemistry

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  1. the study of substances that contain the element carbon
    organic chemistry
  2. all haircolors are organice chemicals meaning...
    they contain carbon & hydrogen
  3. substances that do not contain the element carbon but may contain the element hydrogen
    inorganic chemistry
  4. characteristic of inorganic chemistry/substances
    lack carbon
  5. simplest form of chemical matter
    element
  6. number of elements that occur naturally
    98
  7. basic unit of matter with a nucleaus at the center surrounded by negatively charged electrons the at move around the nucleaus
    atom
  8. chemical combo of 2 or more atoms
    molecule
  9. chemical combo of 2 or more atoms of different elements
    compound molecule
  10. state of matter with a definite volume
    liquid
  11. example of a chemical property
    ability to rust
  12. change in the form of a substance without a chemical reaction
    physical change
  13. oxidation of haircolor is an example of
    chemical change
  14. chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is being reduced and the reducing agent is being oxidized
    redox
  15. chemical reaction characterized by releasing heat
    exothermic reaction
  16. the rapid oxidation of a substance accompanied by the production of heat and light
    combustion
  17. chemical combo of matter in definite proportions
    pure substance
  18. air contains many substances such as nitrogenm carbon dioxidem and water vapor. This is an example of a ____ _____
    physical mixture
  19. a stable physical mixture of 2 or more substances in a solvent
    solution
  20. the substance that dissolves the solute and makes the solution
    solvent
  21. these substances can be mixed together to form clear solutions
    miscible
  22. water and alcohol are examples of....
    miscible liquids
  23. an unstable physical mixture of two or more immiscible substances
    emulsion
  24. substance that allow oil and water to mix, or emulsify
    surfactant
  25. water-loving=
    hydrophyllic
  26. example of water-in-oil emulsion
    cold cream
  27. are alkaline substance used to neutralize acids or raise the pH of many hair products
    Alkanolamines
  28. example of an ammonia compound that is used to perform chemical services in a salon
    Ammonium Hydroxide
  29. sweet,colorless oily substance
    Glycerin
  30. a common volatile organice compound(VOC) used in hairspray is ____ _____
    ethyl alcohol
  31. an atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge
    ion

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
320467
Filename:
CH 12 Basics of Chemistry
Updated:
2016-05-25 04:58:27
Tags:
chemistry cosmetology
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Description:
how chemistry is applied to the world of beauty
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