Medical Terms ch. 3

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Author:
VASUpharm14
ID:
32071
Filename:
Medical Terms ch. 3
Updated:
2010-08-31 15:51:20
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Im still too cool awesome
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Description:
CH.3 med terms for iBHS ers :D yay words!
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  1. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: mono-, uni-
    • one
    • ex: monorail
  2. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: bi- , di-
    • two
    • ex: bicycle
  3. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: tri-
    • three
    • ex: tricycle
  4. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: quad- , quadri- , tetra-
    • four
    • ex: quadriplegic
  5. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: centi-
    • one hundred or one-hundredth
    • ex: centrigrade
  6. Context: specific numbers
    prefix: milli-
    • one-thousandth
    • ex: a millimeter is one-thousandth of a meter
  7. Context: quantities
    prefix: diplo-
    • double
    • ex: diplopia
  8. Context: quantities
    prefix: hemi-, semi-
    • half, partly
    • ex: hemisphere, semicircle
  9. Context: quantities
    prefix: hyper-
    • excessive, more than normal
    • ex: hyperglycemia
  10. Context: quantities
    prefix: hypo-
    • beneath or below normal
    • ex: hypodermic
  11. Context: quantities
    prefix: multi- , poly-
    • many
    • ex: multitude, polyunsaturated
  12. Context: quantities
    prefix: nulli-
    • none
    • ex: null
  13. Context: quantities
    prefix: pan-
    • all
    • ex: pandemic
  14. Context: quantities
    prefix: primi-
    • first
    • ex: primary
  15. Context: quantities
    prefix: super-, ultra-
    • excessive
    • ex: supercalifragilisticexpeallidocious (i can't spell this by memory sorry).
  16. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: ab-
    • away from
    • ex: abduct
  17. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: ad-
    • toward
    • ex: addiction
  18. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: ante-, pre-
    • before in time or in place
    • ex: anteroom, prerenal
  19. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: circum-, peri-
    • around
    • ex: perimeter, circumference
  20. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: dia-
    • through
    • ex: diameter
  21. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra-
    • out, without, away from
    • ex: export, extranuclear
  22. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: en-, end-, endo-
    • inside
    • ex: endotracheal
  23. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: epi-
    • above, on
    • ex: epitaph
  24. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: hypo-, infra- , sub-
    • beneath, under
    • ex: hypodermic, subcutaneous
  25. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: inter-
    • between
    • ex: interval
  26. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: intra-
    • within
    • ex: intravenous
  27. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: meso-, mid-
    • middle
    • ex: mesoderm
  28. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: para-
    • near, beside, or abnormal
    • ex: parallel
  29. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: per-
    • through or by
    • ex: perspire
  30. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: post-
    • after, behind
    • ex: postnasal
  31. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: retro-
    • behind, backward
    • ex: retroactive
  32. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: super-, supra-
    • above, beyond
    • ex: suprarenal
  33. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: sym- , syn-
    • joined, together
    • ex: syndrome
  34. Context: Position or Direction
    prefix: trans-
    • across
    • ex: transdermal
  35. Context: related to time
    prefix: ante-, pre- , pro-
    • before
    • ex: antepartum
  36. Context: related to time
    prefix: post-
    • after or behind
    • ex: postpartum
  37. Context: related to size
    prefix: macro-, mega-, megalo-
    • large or great
    • ex: macroscopic, megalomania
  38. Context: related to size
    prefix: micro-
    • small
    • ex: microscope
  39. Context: related to negation (denial of, contradiction)
    prefix: a-, an-
    • no, not, without
    • ex: asymptomatic
  40. Context: related to negation (denial of, contradiction)
    prefix: in-
    • not or inside (in)
    • ex: inconsistant, indwelling
  41. Context: related to description
    prefix: anti-, contra-
    • against
    • ex: contraceptive (against or prevents conception)
  42. Context: related to description
    prefix: brady-
    • slow
    • ex: bradycardia
  43. Context: related to description
    prefix: dys-
    • bad, difficult
    • ex: dyslexia (difficult at reading)
  44. Context: related to description
    prefix: eu-
    • good, normal
    • ex: euthanasia (mercy killing, painless when so ill. good i guess o.o)
  45. Context: related to description
    prefix: mal-
    • bad
    • ex: maladjusted (badly adjusted)
  46. Context: related to description
    prefix: pro-
    • favoring, supporting
    • ex: prolong
  47. Context: related to description
    prefix: tachy-
    • fast
    • ex: tachycardia
  48. context: combining forms for Color
    alb/o, albin/o, leuk/o (leuc/o)

    • white
    • ex: albino, leukocytes (white blood cells)
  49. context: combining forms for Color
    chlor/o
    • green
    • ex: chlorophyll
  50. context: combining forms for Color
    cyan/o
    • blue
    • ex: cyanosis (deficiency of oxygen so you turn blueish)
  51. context: combining forms for Color
    erythr/o
    • red
    • ex: erythrocytes (RBC)
  52. context: combining forms for Color
    melan/o
    • black
    • ex: melancholy (sad, black bile produced- as thought)
  53. context: combining forms for Color
    xanth/o
    • yellow
    • ex: xanthophyll
  54. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    aer/o
    • air
    • ex: aeroplane
  55. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    blast/o
    • embryonic form (early)
    • ex: osteoblasts
  56. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    cancer/o, carcin/o
    • cancer
    • ex: carcinoma
  57. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    cephal/o
    • head
    • ex: cephalic (pertaining to the head)
  58. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    cry/o
    • cold
    • ex: cryotherapy (cold temperatures to treat certain conditions)
  59. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    crypt/o
    • hidden
    • ex: cryptic, cryptogram (hidden meaning)
  60. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    dips/o
    • thirst
    • ex: polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  61. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    electr/o
    • electricity
    • ex: easy to remember so no example given in book :P
  62. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    fibr/o
    • fiber
    • ex: fibrous
  63. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    hist/o
    • tissue
    • ex: histocompatibility (measure of the compatibility of tissue of people, etc.)
  64. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    myc/o
    • fungus
    • ex: mycology
  65. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    narc/o
    • stupor
    • ex: narcotics
  66. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    necr/o
    • dead
    • ex: necrosis
  67. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    optic/o, opt/o
    • vision
    • ex: optical, optometrist
  68. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    pharmac/o
    • drugs, medicine
    • ex: pharmacy
  69. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    phon/o
    • voice
    • ex: hear voice on the phone
  70. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    phot/o
    • light
    • ex: photography (light produces the image on film, kinda)
  71. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    py/o
    • pus
    • ex: pyogenic (pus-producing)
  72. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    therm/o
    • heat
    • ex: thermal (clothing to prevent loss of body heat)
  73. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    top/o
    • position, place
    • ex: topography
  74. context: miscellaneous combining forms
    trache/o
    • trachea (windpipe)
    • ex: endotracheal (through the trachea)
  75. Opposites!
    ab- (away from)
    ad- (toward)
  76. Opposites!
    ante-, pre- (before)
    post- (after)
  77. Opposites!
    en-, end-, endo- (inside)
    ecto-, exo-, extra- (outside)
  78. Opposites!
    hyper- (more than normal)
    hypo- (less than normal)
  79. Opposites!
    macro- (large)
    micro- (small)
  80. Opposites!
    nulli- (none)
    pan- (all)
  81. Opposites!
    super-, supra- (above)
    hypo- , infra-, sub- (below)

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