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1. an American artist who significantly contributed to both the Dada and Surrealist movements
2. Thought best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography, Man Ray produced major works in a variety of media and considered himself a painter above all.
3. He was also a renowned fashion and portrait photographer, and for his photograms, which he renamed "rayographs" after himself.
photograms by American artist Man Ray - a significant contributer to both the Dada and Surrealist movements - simply renamed 'rayographs' after himself.
1. a German painter associated with the Dada and the New Objectivity movements.
2. In 1918 Schad began experimenting by making cameraless photographic images inspired by Cubism, through a technique first employed by Talbot called "photogenic drawings"
3. Dubbed Schadographs, his method was eventually used by both Man Ray and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy in their more extensive explorations.
cameraless photographic images by german painter Christian Schad, made using a technique first employed by Talbot called "photogenic drawings"- prints made by placing objects onto photosensitive paper and then exposing the paper to sunlight.
Alvin Langdon Coburn
1. An early 20th century photographer who became a key figure in the development of American pictorialism.
2. He became the first major photographer to make some of the first completely abstract photographs.
3. To make these images Coburn invented a kaleidoscope-like instrument with three mirrors clamped together, which when fitted over the lens of the camera and would reflect and fracture the image.
4. Coburn called this instrument a "Vortescope" and the resulting photographs "Vortographs"
1. some of the first completely abstract photographs made by American pictorialist photographer Alvin Langdon Coburn.
2. He made only about 18 different Vortographs, taken over a period of just one month, yet they remain among the most striking images in early 20th century photography.
Francis Brllglliere (spelling?)
an American-born photographer who created elaborate abstractions via photographing uniquely lit, cut-paper structures, ultimately raising awareness to photography's constructive and sculptural possibilities.
an influential British photographer and photojournalist known for his high-contrast images of British society, distorted nudes and landscapes.