3200 Pathology

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Author:
mizzoupt
ID:
32091
Filename:
3200 Pathology
Updated:
2010-08-31 20:51:46
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Immunology Part
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Definitions and Questions from Chapter 2
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  1. What cells form pus?
    Neutrophils
  2. What is the life span of a neutrophil?
    short-lived
  3. Where are neutrophils made?
    bone marrow
  4. What percentage of peripheral cells do neutrophils make up?
    60-70%
  5. T/F: Neutrophils cannot kill bacteria
    False
  6. Only 2-3% of these cells can phagocytize and kill bacteria.
    Eosinophils
  7. Compared to neutrophils, eosinophils live ________.
    longer
  8. Red granules
    Eosinophils
  9. Two loves of a single nucleus and are seen in allergies and parasites.
    Eosinophils
  10. Cells of inflammation in tissue.
    Macrophages.
  11. Macrophages in the blood.
    Monocytes
  12. Macrophages in the spleen.
    Litteral cells.
  13. Secrete cytokines and make complement factors.
    Macrophages
  14. Macrophage life-spans are _________.
    long
  15. 6 Cells of inflammation
    Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, macrophages, platelets, and lymphocytes
  16. Fragments of cytoplasm from megakaryoctyes in bone marrow
    Platelets
  17. Produce many humeral mediators of inflammation
    Platelets
  18. 2 humeral mediators of inflammation released by platelets.
    histamine cyokine and growth factors
  19. 3 ways to classify inflammation
    Duration, Etiology, and Locations
  20. Name 4 things etiology deals with.
    infectious agents, physical, chemical and immune factors
  21. What is a furuncle?
    A localized skin infection
  22. Is Bryan dumb?
    Yes.
  23. skin vesicles?
    serous inflamation
  24. fibrin and cells leak-fibrinous pericarditis?
    fibrinous inflammation
  25. Associated with pus-forming bacteria such as staph and strep- can lead to abscess and healing with granulation tissue
    Purulent inflammation
  26. defect in epithelium?
    ulcerative inflammation
  27. exudates of fibrin-seen in colon in C. difficile infections?
    pseudo membranous inflammation
  28. collections of macrophages produce granulomas- seen in TB and histoplasmosis?
    granulomatosus inflammation
  29. tissue seen in reparative processes with new blood vessels, new collagen formation and mononuclear cells?
    granulation tissue
  30. Symptoms related with this pathology? fever, pain, leukocytosis- release cytokines IL-1 adn tissue necrosis factor- acto on the hypothalamus-release of prostaglandins
    Acute appendicitis
  31. In wound healing (skin incisions), what cells play a role?
    1.
    2.
    3.
    4.
    • 1. leukocytes
    • 2. macrophages
    • 3. connective tissue
    • 4. epithelial cells
  32. Why do sprained ankles stay swollen for a long time?
    new vessel formation leak for awhile
  33. Fibroblasts produce __________ and ___________, first type III ad then to type I.
    • 1. fibronectin
    • 2. collagen
  34. The vascularized connective tissue that is rich in macrophages, myofibroblasts, angioblasts and fibroblasts is called ___________?
    Granulation Tissue
  35. 7 factors that affect healing?
    site of wound, mechanical factors, size of wound, presence or absence of infection, circulatory status, nutritional and metabolic factors, age
  36. 4 complications of wound healing?
    • 1. deficient scar formation (non-healing fractures)
    • 2. dehiscence (wound coming apart)
    • 3. Keloids (defective remodeling of scar tissue)
    • 4. contractures (often following burns)
  37. Is Matt more dumb than Bryan?
    without a doubt! (shock and disbelief in response to how easy of a question this is would also be acceptable on the exam)

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