02 Burgundy Terroir

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  1. Name 2 observations that support the notion of terroir
    • Some vineyards consistently produce better wine than others
    • Some wine characteristics re-appear vintage after vintage in some vineyards
  2. What is the character of wine influenced by?
    • Terroir (soil, climate)
    • Human (viticulture, viniculture)
  3. Describe the climate in Bourgogne
    • Ave temp: 62°F (17°C) during growing season(May-Oct)
    • Ave rainfall: 30" (most in May-Jun, Oct-Nov)
    • Ave sunlight: 1850 hours (1400 is min req to grow grapes)
    • Ave humidity: 65%
  4. Name the geologic time units in descending order
    • Eon
    • Era
    • Period
    • Epoch
    • Age
    • Chron
  5. Name events in the Phanerozoic Eon
    • CENOZOIC ERA
    • Quaternary: Ice Age
    • Tertiary: Upheaval formed mile deep Saone Graben Rift
    • MESOZOIC ERA
    • Cretaceous:
    • Jurassic: limestone and marls deposited in Bourgogne (then a warm, shallow sea)
    • Triassic:
    • PALEOZOIC ERA
    • Permian: Continents collided to form Pangea
    • Carboniferous: Beaujolais granite formed
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  6. Name The ages in the upper and middle epochs of the Jurassic period
    • Phanerozoic.Mesozoic.Jurassic.epoch:age
    • Upper: Tithonian, Kimmeridgian, Oxfordian
    • Middle: Callovian, Bathonian, Bajocian, Aalevian
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  7. What is soil?
    • Combination of mineral matter and decayed vegetal litter
    • The erosion of elements is caused by weathering and soil microbes
  8. Are soils in Bourgogne acidic (<7 ph="" or="" alkaline="">7 pH)?
    • Bourgogne: alkaline (chalk)
    • Beaujolais: acidic (granite)
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  9. Name 4 scars from the Tertiary period
    • Saone Graben(fault line runs abut 100 miles from Dijon to Beaujolais)
    • Blaney Rift (separates Cote de Beaune from Cote Chalonnais)
    • Grosne Valley Rift (separates Cote Chalonnais from Maconnais)
    • Beaujolais Bulge
  10. Name the main river in Bourgogne
    • Saone
    • runs into the Rhone
  11. Name 5 types of soil found in Bourgogne
    • Dalle Nacree (pearly flagstone, Callovian, CdB)
    • Comblanchien limestone (caprock)
    • White Oolites (hard calcium pellets, Bathonian)
    • Ostrea Acuminata (tiny oysters, friable, Bajocian)
    • Calcaire a Entroques (crinoidal limestone, Bajocian, bedrock)
  12. What geological period was the soil formed in each Bourgogne region?
    • Generally, older soils as you go south (exception is Cote de Nuit)
    • Chablis: Upper Jurassic (Kimeridgean and Portlandian Chalk)
    • Cote de Nuit: Middle & Lower Jurassic
    • Cote de Beaune: Middle & Upper Jurassic
    • Cote Chalonnaise: Middle and Lower Jurassic, and Triassic in south
    • Maconnais: Upper Jurassic to Triassic
    • Beaujolais: Haut (granite/schist), Bas (like Maconnais)
  13. Define murger
    piles of stones at edges of vineyard, partly covered in scrub
  14. Define cabottes
    • hut built from murger stones
    • used for shelter in bad weathering
  15. Define ouvree
    • Unit of most vineyard sales
    • About 24 ouvree per ha (4.28 ares, .1057 acres)
    • An old agrarian measure based on amount of land that can be manually hoed in a day
  16. Define lave
    A soft, friable limestone found in in Aloxe
  17. Define domaine
    • Estate that carries the name of the owner or property
    • A collection of vineyards in multiple villages
    • Wines from a single estate are vinified and cellared at the estate's winery and cellars
  18. What directon do the Cote d'Or slopes face?
    East or South East
  19. What do trees on the top of a slope provide?
    Protection from cold westerly winds

Card Set Information

Author:
mikedutch
ID:
321196
Filename:
02 Burgundy Terroir
Updated:
2016-06-20 02:18:09
Tags:
WSG FWS Bourgogne Burgundy
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Description:
Wine Scholar Guild Bourgogne Master Level Program
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