Physiology

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  1. In the process known as __________, materials are transported from the blood to the lumen of an organ such as the stomach or kidney tubule.
    secretion
  2. Tissues and cell membranes that allow some molecules to pass through, but not others, are called __________.
    semipermeable or selectively permeable
  3. The sensors that regulate body temperature during homeostasis are called __________.
    chemoreceptors
  4. In terms of homeostasis, a body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius for humans would be considered a __________ (2 words).
    set point
  5. In a negative feedback loop, glands and muscles that bring about a final response are called __________.
    effectors
  6. A positive feedback loop involving the pituitary gland and the ovulation is called the __________ (2 words).
    LH surge
  7. Intracellular fluid has a __________ concentration of proteins and potassium, as compared to extracellular fluid.
    high or higher or greater
  8. The spleen is an organ that is part of the __________ system.
    immune
  9. Both diabetes mellitus and diabetes __________ are associated with symptoms of thirst and excessive urination.
    insipidus
  10. Heat __________ is often characterized by a lack of sweat, even though the person suffering from this condition is greatly overheated.
    stroke
  11. The body's regulation of blood glucose and hormone levels occurs through homeostatic __________.
    feedback loops or regulatory mechanisms or control mechanisms
  12. Insulin is a hormone that acts to __________ blood glucose concentration.
    decrease or lower
  13. __________ cells in the pancreas secrete insulin.
    Beta
  14. True or False. The interior of the gastrointestinal tract is actually continuous with the external environment.
    True
  15. True or False. Fat is a type of connective tissue.
    True
  16. True or False. All muscle tissue is under voluntary control.
    False
  17. True or False. The hypothalamus secretes substances into the blood stream using a duct.
    False
  18. True or False. Interstitial fluid constitutes the majority of total body water.
    False
  19. True or False. Connective tissue consists of cells dispersed in a noncellular material called the matrix.
    True
  20. True or False. The outer surface of the skin is continuous with the inside surface of the kidney tubules.
    True
  21. True or False. Type I diabetes is more common than type II.
    False
  22. True or False. The integrating center in homeostatic responses is always the central nervous system.
    False
  23. True or False.Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects all organ systems.
    True
  24. True or False. Homeostasis can be maintained in a normal person, even when exposed to environmental extremes.
    False
  25. True or False. Red blood cells are part of the extracellular fluid compartment.
    • False.
    • Red blood cells circulate in the extracellular fluid, but because they are cells, they are not considered to be actually part of this fluid compartment.
  26. Muscle cells are found in the __________.

    a. walls of blood vessels 
    b. heart  
    c. stomach  
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  27. The functions of epithelial cells include __________.   

    A. generating mechanical force  
    B. acting as a physical barrier to the movement of molecules 
    C. transducing light into sensory information
    D. transmitting information  
    B. acting as a physical barrier to the movement of molecules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is NOT a connective tissue?   

    a. blood  
    b. lymph  
    c. tendon  
    d. All of the above are types of connective tissue.
    d. All of the above are types of connective tissue.
  29. Collagen is a protein found in which type of tissue?   

    A. connective
    B. muscle  
    C. epithelial 
    D. nerve  
    A. connective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Most of the body's water is contained in the __________.   

    A. ECF
    B. ICF  
    C. plasma  
    D. interstitial fluid  
    B. ICF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Extracellular fluid is equal to __________.  
     
    A. TBW – plasma 
    B. plasma + ISF  
    C. ICF + ISF
    D. TBW – ISF  
    B. plasma + ISF
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The drop in blood pressure that can occur when a person stands up too quickly is a(n) __________.   
    A. error signal 
    B. set point  
    C. regulated variable  
    d. none of the above
    A. error signal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The chemoreceptors in blood vessels that sense oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood are __________.   

    A. effectors 
    B. sensors  
    C. error signals 
    D. part of the integration center
    B. sensors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A positive feedback mechanism is prevented from spiraling out of control by __________.  

    a. a factor that stops the feedback loop 
    b. a factor that removes the stimulus  
    c. A factor that limits the system's ability to respond to the stimulus  
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  35. The one organ system that does NOT function to maintain homeostasis is the __________ system.   

    A. reproductive  
    B. digestive  
    C. cardiovascular
    D. renal  
    A. reproductive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Negative feedback __________.   

    a. moves a physiological variable back toward the set point  
    b. moves a physiological variable past the set point, in a direction opposite to the error signal  c. increases the amplitude of the error signal  d. does all of the above
    a. moves a physiological variable back toward the set point
  37. During rest, blood flow to which of the following organs cannot be restricted without doing harm?   

    A. digestive tract  
    B. brain  
    C. skeletal muscle 
    D. skin
    B. brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. As a result of exercise training, which of the following decreases?   

    A. oxygen carrying capacity of the blood  
    B. bone density  
    C. resting heart rate 
    d. none of the above
    C. resting heart rate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The increased blood glucose concentrations that occur with diabetes can be detected or monitored by measuring __________.   

    a. urine glucose levels  
    b. levels of hemoglobin A1c  
    c. blood glucose levels  
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  40. In diabetes mellitus, glucose appears in the urine because the kidney has failed to __________ it.   

    A. reabsorb
    B. secrete 
    C. filter  
    D. excrete
    E. absorb  
    A. reabsorb
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

Card Set Information

Author:
cheerios258
ID:
321318
Filename:
Physiology
Updated:
2016-06-21 23:36:08
Tags:
physiology
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Description:
Chapter 1 Homeostasis
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