A&P Clinical App

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mtownj
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32158
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A&P Clinical App
Updated:
2010-09-03 13:31:37
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Clinic
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Cards for Exam 1
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  1. Homeostasis
    is the condition of equilibirum in the body's internal environment due to the constant interaction of the body's many regulatory processes.
  2. Feedback Systems
    is a cycle of events in which the status of a body condition is monitored, evaluated, changed, remonitored, reevaluated, and so on.
  3. Noninvasive Diagnostic Techniques
    • Palpation
    • Auscultation
    • Percussion
  4. Palpation
    the examiner feels body surfaces with the hands.
  5. Auscultation
    examiner listens to body sounds to evaluate the functioning of certain organs, often using a stethoscope to amplify the sounds.
  6. Percussion
    examiner taps on the body surface with the fingertips and listens to the resulting echo.
  7. Autopsy
    is a postmortem examination of the body and dissection of its internal organs to confirm or determine the cause of death.
  8. Diagnosis of Disease
    is the science and skill of distinguishing one disorder from another.
  9. Medical History
    consists of collecting information about events that might be related to a patients illness.
  10. Physical Examination
    is an orderly evaluation of the body and its functions.
  11. Medical Imaging
    refers to techniques and procedures used to create images of the human body.
  12. Radiography
    A single barrage of x-rays passes through the body, producing an image of interior structures on x-ray-sensitive film.
  13. Magnetic Resonance (MRI)
    The body is exposed to a high-energy magnetic field, which causes protons in body fluids and tissues to arrange themselves in relation to the field.
  14. Computed Tomography (CT)
    Computer assisted radiography in which x-ray beam traces an arc at multiple angles around a section of the body.
  15. Ultrasound Scanning
    High-frequency sound waves produced by a handheld wand reflect off body tissues and are detected by the same instrument.
  16. Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
    A substance that emits positrons is injected into the body, where it is taken up by tissues.
  17. Radionuclide Scanning
    A radionuclide is introduced intravenously into the body and carried by the blood to the tissue to be imaged.
  18. Endoscopy
    The visual examination of the inside of body organs or cavities using a lighted instrument with lenses called an endoscope.
  19. Harmful and Beneifical Effects of Radiation
    • Break apart molecules that pose threats to the human body.
    • Can cause lung cancer.
    • Use in medical imaging.
  20. Tracers
    Radioisotopes used to follow the movement of certain substances through the body.
  21. Free Radicals and Their Effects on Health
    Cancer, athersclerosis, Alzheimer disease, emphysema, diabetes
  22. Antioxidants
    Substances that inactivate oxygen derived free radicals.
  23. Fatty Acids in Health and Disease.
    p48
  24. Essential Fatty Acids (EFA)
    Essential to human health and cannot be produced by the body.

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