Medical Dx - hypothyroidism

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  1. What are the symptoms?
    • Fatigue
    • Increased sensitivity to cold
    • Constipation
    • Dry skin
    • Weight gain
    • Puffy face
    • Hoarseness
    • Muscle weakness
    • Elevated blood cholesterol level
    • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
    • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
    • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
    • Thinning hair
    • Slowed heart rate
    • Depression
    • Impaired memory
  2. What are the symptosm of infant hypothyroidism?
    • Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice). (In most cases, this occurs when a baby's liver can't metabolize a substance called bilirubin, which normally forms when the body recycles old or damaged red blood cells.)
    • Frequent choking.
    • A large, protruding tongue.
    • A puffy appearance to the face.
  3. What are the symptoms of adolescent/teen hypothyroidism?
    • Poor growth, resulting in short stature
    • Delayed development of permanent teeth
    • Delayed puberty
    • Poor mental development
  4. What are the risk factors for developing hypothyrodism?
    • Autoimmune disorder
    • Tx for hyperthyroidism
    • Thyroid surgery
    • Radiation therapy to head and neck
    • Medication (lithium)
    • Congenital disorder
    • Pregnancy¬†
    • Iodine deficiency
  5. What are some other risk factors?
    • Are a woman older than age 60
    • Have an autoimmune disease
    • Have a family history of thyroid diseas
    • Have other autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, a chronic inflammatory condition
    • Have been treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications
    • Received radiation to your neck or upper chest
    • Have had thyroid surgery (partial thyroidectomy)
    • Have been pregnant or delivered a baby within the past six months
  6. What are the complications?
    • Goiter
    • Peripheral neuropathy
    • Heart problems
    • Mental health issues
    • Infertility
    • Myxedema
    • birth defects
  7. How is it diagnosed?
    • Blood test
    • - low level of thyroxine
    • - high level of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone produced by the pituitary gland)
  8. What are the tx options?
    levothyroxine sodium (levothyroid, synthroid)

    * often needs calcium/iron supplements for good absorption
Card Set:
Medical Dx - hypothyroidism
2016-07-02 21:11:29

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