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2010-08-31 22:42:45
Medical Definitions

Medical Definitions
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  1. Allograft
    A graft from an allogeneic donor of the same species as the recipient
  2. Alogia
    Aphasia. Speechlessness.
  3. Alopecia
    loss of hair; baldness
  4. Amenorrhea
    Absence of menstruation
  5. Anaphylaxis
    Hypersensitivity induced by preliminary exposure to a substance and usually producing a contraction of smooth muscle and a dilation of blood vessels
  6. Angina
    A severe constricting pain in the chest.
  7. Anhedonia
    Absence of pleasure from acts that otherwise would be pleasurable
  8. Anorexia
    Diminished appetite; aversion to food.
  9. Antitussive
    Relieving cough
  10. Arrhythmia
    Loss of rhythm; denoting especially an irregularity of the heart-beat.
  11. Arteriostenosis
    Narrowing of the arteries
  12. Arthralgia
    Severe pain in a joint
  13. Ascites
    Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  14. Asepsis
    A condition in which living pathogenic organisms are absent
  15. Aspermia
    Inability to secrete or ejaculate semen
  16. Asystole
    The absence of contractions of the heart
  17. Ataxia
    Inability to coordinate the muscles in voluntary movement
  18. Atrophy
    Wasting of tissues
  19. Bacteremia
    Presence of viable bacteria in the circulating blood
  20. Bactericide
    An agent that destroys (kills) bacteria
  21. Bradycardia
    Slow heart beat
  22. Calciuria
    Presence of calcium in urine
  23. Chronotropic
    Affecting the rate of rhythmic movements such as the heart beat
  24. Cyanosis
    Blue skin
  25. Diaphoresis
    Perspiration, sweating, especially when in abundance and medically induced
  26. Dysgeusia
    Abnormal sense of taste
  27. Dysmenorrhea
    A condition marked by painful menstruation
  28. Dyspepsia
    Disturbed digestion; indigestion
  29. Dysphagia
    Difficulty/pain in swallowing
  30. Dyspnea
    Difficulty in breathing, often associated with lung or heart disease and resulting in shortness of breath
  31. Dysuria
    Difficulty/pain in urination
  32. Edema
    An accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
  33. Emesis
    The act or process of vomiting
  34. Enuresis
  35. Epistaxis
    Nose bleeding
  36. Erythema
    Redness of the skin caused by dilatation and congestion of the capillaries, often a sign of inflammation or infection
  37. Excipient
    A more or less inert substance added in a prescription as a diluent or vehicle or to give form or consistency when the remedy is given in pill form
  38. Expectorant
    Promoting secretion from the mucous membrane of the air passages
  39. Gingivitis
    Gum inflammation
  40. Halitosis
    Bad breath
  41. Hematogenesis
    Blood cell formation
  42. Hematuria
    The presence of blood in the urine
  43. Hirsutism
    The presence of excessive body and facial hair, especially in women
  44. Hyperglycemia
    Excess glucose in the blood
  45. Hyperhidrosis
    Excessive sweat
  46. Hypertension
    Abnormally elevated blood pressure
  47. Hypothermia
    Low body temperature
  48. Inotropic
    Influencing the contractility of muscular tissue
  49. Insidious
    Denoting a disease that progresses with few or no symptoms to indicate its gravity
  50. Jaundice
    Yellowish discoloration of the whites of the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes caused by deposition of bile salts in these tissues, occurring as a symptom of various diseases, such as hepatitis, that affect the processing of bile
  51. Ketonuria
    Ketone bodies in urine
  52. Malaise
    A vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at the beginning of an illness
  53. Mastication
  54. Miosis
    Pupil contraction
  55. Mydriasis
    Pupil dilation
  56. Nephropathy
    Any disease of the kidneys
  57. Orthostatic hypotension
    A fall in blood pressure associated with dizziness, blurred vision, and sometimes syncope, occurring upon standing or when standing motionless in a fixed position
  58. Ototoxic
    Having toxic action upon the ear
  59. Pediculicide
  60. Photosensitivity
    Sensitivity or responsiveness to light
  61. Placebo
    An indifferent substance, in the form of a medicine, given for the suggestive effect. An inert compound, identical in appearance with material being tested in experimental research, where the patient and the physician may or may not know which is which
  62. Polyphagia
    Eating in excess
  63. Polyuria
    Excessive passage of urine, as in diabetes
  64. Postcoital
    After intercourse
  65. Priapism
    Persistent, usually painful erection of the penis, especially as a consequence of disease and not related to sexual arousal
  66. Pruritus
    Severe itching, often of undamaged skin
  67. Purpura
    A condition characterized by hemorrhages in the skin and mucous membranes that result in the appearance of purplish spots or patches
  68. Pyuria
    Pus in urine
  69. Quackery
    Fraudulent claim to medical knowledge
  70. Rhabdomyolysis
    Break down of striated muscle fibers with excretion of myoglobin in the urine
  71. Rhinorrhea
    Runny nose
  72. Somnolence
    A state of drowsiness; sleepiness
  73. Steatorrhea
    Presence of fat in feces
  74. Stomatitis
    Mouth inflammation
  75. Syncope
    A brief loss of consciousness caused by a sudden fall of blood pressure or failure of the cardiac systole, resulting in cerebral anemia
  76. Tachycardia
    Fast heart beat
  77. Tinnitus
    A sound in one ear or both ears, such as buzzing, ringing, or whistling, occurring without an external stimulus and usually caused by a specific condition, such as an ear infection, the use of certain drugs, a blocked auditory tube, or a head injury
  78. Uniparous
    Female who has had only one child
  79. Urticaria
    A skin condition characterized by welts that itch intensely, caused by an allergic reaction, an infection, or a nervous condition
  80. Vertigo
    A sensation of irregular or whirling motion, either of oneself or of external objects, often caused by inner ear disease
  81. Xerostomia
    Dryness of the mouth resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion
  82. Xerotes
  83. Zoonosis
    The transmission of a disease from an animal or nonhuman species to humans. The natural reservoir is a nonhuman animal