Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols

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Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols
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2010-09-01 22:42:03
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Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols for PSL 2 - Fall 10
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  1. increased
  2. #
    pound(s)
  3. if, then
  4. °
    degree, hour
  5. female
  6. male
  7. A
    ear (A.D. = right ear, A.S. = left ear, A.U. = both ears)
  8. ā
    before
  9. positive
  10. A&P
    Anterior and Posterior OR auscultation and percussion
  11. A&W
    alive and well
  12. a.c.
    before meals
  13. AB
    abortion
  14. ABG
    Arterial blood gas
  15. ABO
    A system of classifying blood groups
  16. AC
    acromioclavicular
  17. ACE
    Angiotensin Converting Enzyme
  18. ACTH
    adrenocorticotrophic hormone, corticotropin
  19. ad lib
    As desired
  20. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  21. ADHD
    attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  22. ADL
    activities of daily living
  23. no or none
  24. AED
    automated external defibrillator
  25. Afib
    Atrial fibrillation
  26. AFL
    atrial flutter
  27. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  28. AK
    actinic keratosis
  29. ALT
    alanine aminotransferase (SGPT)
  30. AMA
    against medical advice
  31. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  32. ANA
    antinuclear antibody
  33. AOB
    alcohol on breath
  34. AP
    anteroposterior
  35. APAP
    acetaminophen
  36. appx
    appendectomy
  37. AQ
    water
  38. ARDS
    Adult respiratory distress syndrome or Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  39. ARF
    acute renal failure
  40. ASA
    aspirin
  41. ASHD
    atheroscleotic heart disease
  42. AST
    aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)
  43. AV
    arteriovenous, atrioventricular
  44. B
    black (eg. BF = black female)
  45. B (with circle around)
    bilateral
  46. b.i.d.
    twice a day
  47. bact
    bacteriology
  48. bcp, ocp
    birth control pill, oral contraceptive pill
  49. BD
    bipolar disorder
  50. BMR
    basal metabolic rate
  51. BP
    blood pressure
  52. BPH
    benign prostatic hypertrophy
  53. bpm
    beats per minute
  54. BPR
    blood per rectum
  55. BRP
    bathroom privaleges
  56. BS
    breath sounds OR bowel sounds OR blood sugar
  57. BSA
    body surface area
  58. BLS
    basic life support
  59. BUN
    Blood urea nitrogen
  60. BX, Bx
    biopsy
  61. C
    celsius OR centigrade OR complement
  62. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  63. c*
    with
  64. c/o
    complains of
  65. C/S
    caesarean section
  66. c/w
    consistent with
  67. Ca
    calcium
  68. CA, Ca, ca
    cancer, carcinoma
  69. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  70. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  71. caps
    Capsules
  72. CAT
    computed axial tomography
  73. CBC
    complete blood count
  74. CBC w/diff
    complete blood count with white cell differential
  75. cc
    cubic centimeter
  76. CC, C.C.
    chief complaint
  77. CCE
    clubbing,cyanosis, or edema
  78. CCU
    coronary care unit
  79. cg
    centigram
  80. CHD
    coronay heart disease or congenital heart disease
  81. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  82. CK
    creatine kinase
  83. Cl
    chloride,chlorine
  84. cm
    centimeter
  85. CN (n)
    cranial nerves
  86. CNS
    central nervous system
  87. CO
    carbon monoxide, cardiac output
  88. CO2
    carbon dioxide
  89. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  90. CP
    chest pain
  91. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure
  92. CPD
    cephalopelvic disproportion
  93. CPK
    creatine phosphokinase
  94. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  95. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  96. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  97. CT
    computed tomography
  98. CTA
    clear to auscultation
  99. CTA&P
    clear to auscultation and percussion
  100. CTS
    Carpal tunnel syndrome
  101. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
  102. CVAT
    costovertebral angle tenderness
  103. CXR
    chest X-ray
  104. d
    day
  105. Δ
    change
  106. D&C
    dilatation and curettage
  107. d/c
    discharge or release from care OR discontinue
  108. D/W
    dextrose in water
  109. DBP
    diastolic blood pressure
  110. DDS
    doctor of dental surgery
  111. DDx
    differential diagnosis
  112. DIC
    disseminated intravascular coagulation
  113. DIFF, diff
    differential blood count
  114. DIP
    distal interphalengeal joint
  115. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  116. DKA
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  117. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  118. DO
    doctor of osteopathy
  119. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  120. DP
    dorsalis pedis
  121. DPM
    doctor of podiatric medicine
  122. DPT
    diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
  123. DRE
    digital rectal exam
  124. DTR
    deep tendon reflex
  125. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  126. DX, Dx, dx
    diagnosis
  127. EAC
    external auditory canal
  128. ECF
    extracellular fluid
  129. ECG, EKG
    electrocardiogram
  130. ECHO
    echocardiogram
  131. ECT
    electroconvulsive therapy
  132. ECU
    emergency care unit
  133. ED
    emergency department
  134. EDD
    estimated date of delivery
  135. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  136. EGD
    esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  137. EF
    Ejection fraction
  138. EJV
    external jugular vein
  139. ENT
    ear, nose and throat
  140. EOMI
    extraocullar muscles intact
  141. ER
    emergency room
  142. ERCP
    endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  143. ERT
    estrogen replacement therapy
  144. EtOH
    ethanol
  145. exc
    excision
  146. F
    fahrenheit
  147. Φ
    pheno-
  148. F:
    female
  149. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  150. FDA
    food and drug administration
  151. FDLMP
    first day of last menstrual period
  152. FH, FHx
    family history
  153. fl oz
    fluid ounce
  154. ft
    foot, feet (measure)
  155. FUO
    fever of unknown origin
  156. fx
    fracture
  157. g, gm
    gram
  158. GAD
    generalized anxiety disorder
  159. GB
    gall bladder
  160. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  161. GFR
    glomerular filtration rate
  162. GI
    gastrointestinal
  163. GP
    general practitioner
  164. gr
    grain
  165. GSW
    gun shot wound
  166. gt, gtt
    drop, drops
  167. GU
    genitourinary
  168. GYN, gyn
    gynecology
  169. H&P
    history and physical exam
  170. h.s.
    at bedtime, hour of sleep
  171. HA
    headache
  172. HAV
    hepatitis A virus
  173. Hb
    hemoglobin
  174. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  175. HCO3
    bicarbonate
  176. HCT
    hematocrit
  177. HCV
    hepatitis C virus
  178. HDL
    high-density lipoprotein
  179. HEENT
    head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
  180. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  181. Hr
    hour
  182. HR
    heart rate
  183. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy (refers to estrogen plus progestin)
  184. HSM
    hepatosplenomegaly
  185. HSV
    herpes simplex virus
  186. Ht
    height
  187. HTN (HT, HBP)
    hypertension, high blood pressure
  188. Hx, hx
    history
  189. HxPI
    history of present illness
  190. decreased
  191. I&D
    incision and drainage
  192. I&O
    intake and output
  193. I.M.
    intramuscular
  194. I.V.
    intravenous
  195. ICD
    implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  196. ICF
    intracellular fluid
  197. ICS
    intercostal space
  198. ICU
    intensive care unit
  199. ID
    intradermal
  200. IDDM
    insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
  201. IJV
    internal jugular vein
  202. IMP
    impression
  203. inj
    inject
  204. IP
    interphalangeal joint or inpatient
  205. IU
    international unit
  206. IUD
    intrauterine device
  207. IUP
    intrauterine pregnancy
  208. IVDU
    intravenous drug user
  209. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram
  210. JVD
    jugular venous distension
  211. JVP
    jugular venous pulsation
  212. K
    potassium
  213. kcal
    kilocalorie (food calorie)
  214. kg
    kilogram
  215. KO
    keep open
  216. KUB
    kidney, ureter, bladder
  217. L
    liter
  218. L (with circle around)
    left
  219. L&W
    living and well
  220. LAD
    left anterior descending (coronary artery)
  221. lat
    lateral
  222. lb
    pound
  223. LE
    lower extremity
  224. LMP
    last menstrual period
  225. LOC
    loss of/level of consciousness
  226. LP
    lumbar puncture
  227. LSB
    left sternal border
  228. lt
    left
  229. LUQ
    left upper quadrant
  230. LV
    left ventricle
  231. LVH
    left ventricular hypertrophy
  232. m
    meter
  233. M
    male
  234. m (with circle around)
    murmur
  235. M.
    muscle
  236. MAL
    midaxillary line
  237. MCH
    mean corpuscular hemoglogin
  238. MCHC
    mean corpuscular hemoglogin concentration
  239. MCL
    midclavicullar line
  240. MCP
    metacarpophalangeal joint
  241. MCV
    mean corpuscular volume
  242. MD
    medical doctor OR musclar dystrophy
  243. mEq
    milliequivalent
  244. Mg
    magnesium
  245. MI
    myocardial infarction
  246. MM
    mucous membranes
  247. mo
    month
  248. mOsm
    milliosmole
  249. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  250. MS
    multiple sclerosis, morphine sulfate
  251. MSL
    midsternal line
  252. MTP
    metatarsophalangeal joint
  253. MUGA
    multiple gated acquisition analysis
  254. MVA
    motor vehicle accident
  255. MVP
    mitral valve prolapse
  256. N
    nitrogen, normal (strength of solution)
  257. N/V/D/C
    nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation
  258. Na
    sodium
  259. NABS
    normoactive bowel sounds
  260. NaCl
    sodium chloride
  261. NAD
    no acute distress
  262. NCAT
    normocephalic, atraumatic (refers to the head)
  263. NG
    nasogastric
  264. NGT
    nasogastric tube
  265. NIDDM
    non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
  266. NKA
    no known allergies
  267. NKDA
    no known drug allergies
  268. noc
    night
  269. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  270. NSAID
    nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  271. NSR
    normal sinus rhythm
  272. O
    eye (O.D. = right eye, O.S. = left eye, O.U = both eyes)
  273. O
    objective
  274. ō
    no or none
  275. ob-GYN
    obstetrics and gynecology
  276. OCD
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
  277. OH
    occupational history
  278. OI
    opportunistic infection
  279. ORIF
    open reduction, internal fixation
  280. OTC
    over the counter
  281. OV
    office visit
  282. oz
    ounce
  283. P
    pulse, pressure, Phosphorus, plan, posterior
  284. p*
    after
  285. p.c.
    after meals
  286. P.O.
    by mouth
  287. p.r.n.
    as needed, whenever necessary
  288. pack years
    packs smoked per day X number of years smoking
  289. PADx
    peripheral arterial disease
  290. PAP
    papanicolaou smear
  291. PAR
    postanesthetic recovery
  292. PCN
    penicillin
  293. PD
    panic disorder
  294. PDA
    patent ductus arteriosus
  295. PE
    physical examination
  296. peds
    pediatrics
  297. PEFR
    peak expiratory flow rate
  298. per
    by or through
  299. Perrla
    pupils equal, round, react to light and accomodation
  300. PET
    positron emission tomography
  301. PF
    peak flow
  302. PFT
    pulmonary function testing
  303. pH
    hydrogen ion concentration
  304. PH
    Past history
  305. PI
    present illness
  306. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  307. PIP
    proximal interphalangeal joint
  308. PKU
    phenylketonuria
  309. PLT
    platelet
  310. PMH
    Past medical history
  311. PMI
    point of maximal impulse
  312. PMS
    Premenstrual syndrome
  313. PND
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  314. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  315. PPBS
    post prandial blood sugar
  316. PPD
    purified protein derivative (of tuberculin)
  317. PR
    per rectum
  318. PSA
    prostate specific antigen
  319. PT
    physical therapy
  320. pt.
    patient
  321. PTA
    prior to admission
  322. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  323. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  324. PV
    per vagina
  325. Px
    physical examination
  326. q
    every
  327. q.d.
    every day
  328. q.h.
    every hour
  329. q.i.d.
    four times a day
  330. q2h
    every 2 hours
  331. q4h
    every 4 hours
  332. qns
    quantity not sufficient
  333. qod
    every other day
  334. R
    respirations
  335. R (with circle around)
    right
  336. R/O
    rule out
  337. R/R/R
    rales, rhonchi, or rubs
  338. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  339. RAM
    rapid alternating movements
  340. RCA
    right coronary artery
  341. RCM
    right costal margin
  342. RLQ
    right lower quadrant
  343. RN
    registered nurse
  344. ROM
    range of motion
  345. ROS
    review of systems
  346. RRR
    regular rate and rhythm
  347. RTC
    return to clinic
  348. RUQ
    right upper quadrant
  349. Rx
    prescription, recipe, take thou
  350. S
    subjective
  351. S&S
    signs and symptoms
  352. s*
    without
  353. S.C., SQ, subq
    subcutaneous
  354. S/NT
    soft, non-tender (refers to abdominal exam)
  355. S/P
    status post --after a given medical event
  356. S1, S2, etc.
    heart sounds
  357. SA
    sinoatrial (SA node)
  358. SBP
    systolic blood pressure
  359. SC
    sternoclavicular
  360. SDAT
    senile demitia of the Alzheimer type
  361. sec
    second
  362. sequela (sequelae)
    condition following and resulting from a disease
  363. SH
    social history
  364. SI
    international system of units
  365. SIADH
    syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
  366. SIDS
    sudden infant death syndrome
  367. Sig:
    instructions to patient
  368. sl.
    slight
  369. SLE
    systemic lupus erythmatosus
  370. SOB
    shortness of breath
  371. ss*
    one-half
  372. stat
    immediately
  373. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  374. SV
    stroke volume
  375. sx
    symptoms
  376. sz
    seizure
  377. T
    temperature
  378. T&A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  379. T&C
    type and crossmatch
  380. t.i.d
    three times a day
  381. Tabs
    tablets
  382. TAH BSO
    total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  383. TB
    tuberculosis
  384. TEDS
    thrombo-embolic disease stockings
  385. TEE
    transesophageal echocardiogram
  386. temp.
    temperature
  387. TIA
    transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke)
  388. TIBC
    total iron binding capacity
  389. TM
    tympanic membrane
  390. TMJ
    temporomandibular joint
  391. TPA
    tissue plasminogen activator
  392. TPN
    total parenteral nutrition
  393. TPR
    temperature, pulse, respirations
  394. Tr
    treatment
  395. tsp
    teaspoon
  396. TUR, TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  397. tx
    treatment or therapy
  398. U/A, UA
    urinalysis
  399. UE
    upper extremity
  400. ung
    ointment
  401. URI
    upper repiratory infection
  402. US
    ultrasound
  403. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  404. VA
    visual acuity
  405. VF
    visual field(s)
  406. Vfib
    ventricular fibrillation
  407. VS
    vital signs
  408. VSS
    vital signs stable
  409. VT
    ventricular tachycardia
  410. W
    white eg. WM = White male
  411. w/d
    withdrawl
  412. wa
    while awake
  413. WBC
    white blood cell
  414. WDWN
    well developed well nourished
  415. wk
    week
  416. WNL
    within normal limits
  417. Wt
    weight
  418. x*
    except
  419. Ψ
    psy-
  420. yo
    years old
  421. θ
    negative

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