fundofnurse

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Author:
larias12
ID:
32191
Filename:
fundofnurse
Updated:
2010-09-01 16:06:58
Tags:
ch27
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Description:
Asepsis and Inf Cont
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  1. Aerobic bacteria
    bacteria that require oxygen to live and grow
  2. Anaerobic bacteria
    bacteria that can live without oxygen
  3. Antibody
    immunoglobin produced by the body in response to a specific antigen
  4. Antimicrobial
    antibacterial agent that kills bacteria or suppresses their growth
  5. Antigen
    foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
  6. Asepsis
    absence of disease-producing microorganisms; using methods to prevent infection
  7. Bacteria
    the most significant and most commonly observed infection-causing agents
  8. Disinfection
  9. process used to destroy microorganisms; destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores
  10. Endogenous
  11. infection in which the causative organism comes from microbial life the person himself or herself harbors
  12. Exogenous
  13. infection in which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host
  14. Fungi
  15. plant-like organisms (molds and yeasts) that can cause infection
  16. Healthcare-associated infection
  17. an infection that was not present on admission to the hospital and develops during the course of treatment for other conditions (nosocomial)
  18. Host
  19. animal or person on or within which microorganisms live
  20. Iatrogenic infection
  21. infection that occurs as a result of a treatment or diagnostic procedure
  22. Infection
  23. disease state resulting from pathogens in or on the body
  24. Isolation
  25. protective procedure designed to prevent the transmission of specific microorganisms; also called protective aseptic techniques and barrier techniques
  26. Medical asepsis
  27. practices designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens; synonym for clean technique
  28. Nosocomial
  29. something originating or taking place in the hospital (ie, infection)
  30. Pathogen
  31. disease-producing microorganism
  32. Reservoir
  33. natural habitat for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  34. Standard Precautions
  35. CDC precautions used in the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis or possible infection status; this category combines universal and body substance precautions
  36. Sterilization
  37. (1) the process by which all microorganisms, including spores, are destroyed; (2) surgical procedure performed to render a person infertile
  38. Surgical asepsis
  39. practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms; synonym for sterile technique
  40. Transmission-Based Precautions
  41. CDC precautions used in patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes; used in addition to Standard Precautions
  42. Vector
  43. nonhuman carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and lice, that transmit organisms from one host to another
  44. Virulence
    ability to produce disease
  45. Virus
  46. smallest of all microorganisms; can be seen only by using an electron microscope

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