A molecule whose carbon atoms bond to the maximum number of Hydrogen atoms.
A molecule that contains a carbon-carbon multiple bond to which more hydrogen atoms can be added.
A hydrocarbon that contains a carbon-carbon double bond.
A hydrocarbon that contains a carbon-carbon triple bond.
Alkenes that have the same connections between atoms but differ in their three-dimensional structures because of the way that groups attach to different sides of the double bond.
A general reaction type in which a substance X-Y adds to the multiple bond of an unsaturated reactant to yield a saturated product that has only single bonds.
A general reaction type in which a saturated reactant yields an unsaturated product by losing groups from two adjacent carbons.
A general reaction type in which an atom or group of atoms in a molecule is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.
A general reaction type in which a molecule undergoes bond reorganization to yield an isomer.
The addition of H2 to a multiple bond to give a saturated product.
The addition of Cl2 or Br2 to a multiple bond to give a dihalide product.
The addition of HCl or HBr to a multiple bond to give an alkyl halide product.
The addition of water to a multiple bond to give an alcohol product.
A description of the individual steps by which old bonds are broken and new bonds are formed in a reaction.
A large molecule formed by the repetitive bonding together of many smaller molecules.
A small molecule that is used to prepare a polymer.
Uses: packaging, bottles
Uses: bottles, rope, pails, medical tubing
Uses: Isulation, plastic pipe
Uses: Foams and molded plastics
Styrene and Buradiene
Uses: synthetic rubber for tires.
Uses: fibers, outdoor carpeting
Uses: Windows, contact lenses, fber optics
Uses: nonstick coatings, bearings, replacement heart valves and blood vessels
The class of compounds containing benzene-like rings.
The phenomenon where the true structure od a molecule is an average among two or more conventional structures.
A benzene ring with an attached -CH3
A benzene ring with an attached -OH
A benzene ring with an attached -NH2
A benzene ring with two attached -CH3 on oppisite sides of the ring of each other.
A bezene ring with a caboxilic acid attached
A benzene ring with an attached aldehyde
The C6H5- group
The substitution of a nitro group (-NO2) for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring.
The substitution oh a halogen group (-X) for a hydrogen on an aromatic ring.
A cyclic hydrocarbon that contains a double bond.
In the addition of HX to an alkene, the H attaches to the double-bond carbon that has the larger number of H atoms directly attached to it, and the X attaches to the Carbon that has the smaller number of H atoms attached.