Ch. 16 reproductive system

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  1. Following their production in the seminiferous tubules, immature sperm cells are transferred to the ____________.
    epididymis
  2. Since the pH of the female vagina is not suitable for the survival of sperm, secretions from the __________ gland of the male are necessary component of semen to raise the pH.
    prostate
  3. Sperm and egg cells contain half of the __________ number of chromosomes found in body cells.
    haploid
  4. FHS in males targets __________ cells, although the function of the hormones is not fully understood.
    Sertoli
  5. The head of a sperm is covered by the __________, which contains enzymes that help penetrate the layers of cells surrounding the egg.
    acrosome
  6. In humans, fertilization occurs in the __________.
    oviduct
  7. A common tissue between the fetus and the endometrium that provides nourishment to the developing fetus is the __________.
    placenta
  8. The muscular layer of the uterus that provides the force necessary to expel the baby during birth is the __________.
    myometrium
  9. The vagina meets the uterus at the __________.
    cervix
  10. The regular pattern by which oocytes grow, mature, and are released from the ovary is know as the __________.
    ovarian cycle
  11. Ovulation occurs during the __________ stage of the menstrual cycle.
    proliferative
  12. If pregnancy occurs, a layer of tissue associated with the embryo secrets the hormone __________, which maintains the activity of the corpus luteum in the ovaries of the mother.
    HCG
  13. As a primary oocyte develops within a follicle of the ovary, it is nourished by __________ cells.
    granulosa
  14. An extensive bacterial infection of the female reproduction tract is known as __________; it is the most common cause of female infertility.
    pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  15. A condition in females that occur when endometrial tissue moves through the oviducts and adheres to the ovaries or other organs in the abdominal cavity is __________.
    endometriosis

Card Set Information

Author:
ksizzle
ID:
322305
Filename:
Ch. 16 reproductive system
Updated:
2016-08-08 23:07:15
Tags:
biology
Folders:
biology
Description:
BIO 100- chapter 16 reproduction system
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