Ch. 19 Genetics and Inheritance

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  1. Alternative versions of the same genera are __________.
    alleles
  2. A __________ refers to the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of an individual.
    genome
  3. In __________, the phenotype of the heterozygous genotype is an intermediate between the phenotype of either homozygous genotype.
    incomplete dominance
  4. If the two alleles of a particular gene pair are the same, the individual is ___________ for that gene.
    homozygous
  5. When someone says that have blue eyes, they are describing the physical appearance of a trait, or their __________.
    phenotype
  6. A phenotype is determined by __________ and __________.
    genotype; environmental factors
  7. According to Mendel's law of __________, genes of a gene pair separate from one another during the formation of gametes.
    inheritance
  8. Genes for different traits locates on the same chromosome are called __________.
    linked alleles
  9. The inheritance of a trait that is determined by many genes acting together is __________ inheritance.
    polygenic
  10. Failure of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate properly is called __________.
    nondisjunction
  11. A __________ occurs when a piece of a chromosome breaks off or is lost.
    deletion
  12. Genes located on the same chromosome are not always inherited together because of the process of __________, which occurs during meiosis; this process "reshuffles" the genes.
    crossing over
  13. A display of an individual's chromosomes is known as a ___________.
    karyotype
  14. During embryological development, if a certain gene on the Y chromosome is activated during the sixth of seventh week of development, the embryo will develop into a male.
    Y
  15. The process by which a piece of a chromosome breaks off and then attaches to another chromosome is __________.
    translocation

Card Set Information

Author:
ksizzle
ID:
322307
Filename:
Ch. 19 Genetics and Inheritance
Updated:
2016-08-08 23:38:50
Tags:
biology
Folders:
biology
Description:
BIO 100 chapter 19 genetics and inheritance
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