chap9cards.txt

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shiko250
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3225
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chap9cards.txt
Updated:
2009-12-16 01:36:10
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  1. 1. Straits of Tsushima
    body of water between Japan and Korea
  2. 2. Yayoi
    Neolithic culture in Early Japan. Used wheel spun pottery as opposed to the Jomon's coil made pottery. Yayoi grew rice and used bronze/iron. May have traded indirectly with China through Korea. Tomb period from 300 to 600 CE
  3. 3. Nihon
    Japanese name for Japan. Means "origin of the Sun." The islands from North to South: Hokkaido
  4. 4. Ainu
    Native Japanese. They are hairier than the Japanese and looked a little different. They were probably in Japan since the homo sapiens left Africa. They were either displaced or absorbed by the Chinese.
  5. 5. Uji
    Tribal clans in Japan
  6. 6. Prince Shotoku
    appointed regent. Established the 17 article constitution. This increased power of the ruler and decreed that Buddhism be the dominant relgion. Also instituted an ability based officialdom. Shotoku also sent ambassadors to china in an effort to learn more about the Chinese culture
  7. 7. Kami
    divine spirit. Found in nature (large rocks
  8. 8. Fujiwara Period
    after shotoku died
  9. 9. Heian
    new capital built t what is now Kyoto.
  10. 10. Murasaki Shikiou
    A Japanese lady born into a high class
  11. 11. Tale of Genji
    about a prince and his promiscuous relationships with the ladies of the court. Depicts the parts of court life
  12. 12. Sei Shonagon
    another woman who was literate and wrote. Author of he pillow book.
  13. 13. Pillow Book
    collection of comments on court life.
  14. 14. Nara
    city where a capital was built
  15. 15. Zen
    approach to Buddhism that concentrated on eternal truth and self cultivation. Stressed unity with nature. Appealed to samurai. Had the idea that one can receive enlightenment through (some telepathic communication?) someone else.
  16. 16. Shogun
    real seat of power during the Kamakura period. Shogun was the emperors chief military commander. He presided over a feudal hierarchy of lords who were loyal to him
  17. 18. Noh
    theatre inspired by zen. Blend of dance and spoken lines
  18. 19. Shoen
    Private estates. System of government where these land owners decreed immunity from government jurisdiction. Basically many farms operated by one aristocrat. He/she hired mangers
  19. 20. Kana
    phonetic symbols transcribing the sounds of the Japanese spoken language. Was truly Japanese compared to the copied Chinese characters. The pillow book and the tale of genji were written in kana

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