480 Test 1

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  1. Brundtland definition
    • 1. definition of sustainable development
    • 2. development that meets needs of present w/out compromising ability of future generations to meet their own needs
    • a. extreme impoverished needs should be met first
    • b. limits should be imposed thru tech. and gov. for sustainability
  2. peri-urban areas
    very high population densities, lack infrastructure to distribute energy , water, and sanitation services
  3. intergenerational equity
    development should take into consideration BOTH present and future generations
  4. social justice
    fair distribution of advantages and disadvantages that exist within society
  5. Conference on Environment and Development
    a worsening of poverty, illiteracy, and continuing deterioration of ecosystems
  6. Millenium Development goals
    • 1. eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    • 2. achieve universal primary education
    • 3. promote gender equality and empower women
    • 4. reduce childhood mortality
    • 5. improve maternal health
    • 6. combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
    • 7. ensure environmental sustainability
    • 8. develop a global partnershop for development
  7. ethics
    • provides a framework for making difficult decisions when we face a problem involving moral conflict
    • (morals are the values, ethics are the framework)
  8. categorical imperitave
    • ethical if instituted it makes for better world
    • 2. by Kant
  9. anthropocentric
    • 1. Aristotle
    • 2. Engineering code of ethics
    • NOT
    • 1. Merriam Webster Def.
    • 2. EPA
  10. Aldo Leopold
    • 1. Land ethic: extend thinking to land as deserving ethical treatment (soil,water, plants , animals, etc.)
    • 2.
  11. Paul Taylor
    • 1. biocentric outlook: value ALL things in earth's communities,
    • 2. each organism is a CENTER of life pursuing its own good in its own way
  12. Arne Naess
    • right of all forms is universal RIGHT,
    • 2. no single species has less or more value than other
    • 3. (DEEP ECOLOGY)
  13. Vesilind and Gunn
    1. environmental ethic: recognizing that we have deeply felt attitudes of the environment but not spiritual
  14. sustainable design
    design of products, processes, or systems that balance our beliefs in humanity and environment
  15. carrying capacity
    1. max rate of resource consumption and waste discharge that can be sustained indefinitely in a given region w/out progressively impairing the functional integrity and production of the relevant ecosystem
  16. carrying capacity demands the following:
    • 1. renewable resources use < rates it takes to regenerate sources
    • 2. nonrenewable resources use < rate of production of renwable substitutes
    • 3. rates of waste < earth's ability to assimilate it
  17. exponential growth
    • 1. when rate of change Is proportional to instantaneous value of A at some time t
    • 2. dA/dt =kA
    • 3. integrated version: At= A0exp(k(t-to))
    • 4. k has units of 1/time
Card Set:
480 Test 1
2016-08-29 02:42:26

ABE 480
Chapter 1, etc
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