Chap_93_terminology Notepad version.txt

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Chap_93_terminology Notepad version.txt
2009-12-16 03:18:01

Psychiatric terminology nursing school
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  1. Affect (personality disorder) pg 12
    Outward manifestation of subjective emotions
  2. Akathisia Potential Side Effects of Neuroleptic Drugs pg 44.
    Extreme inability to sit still, motor restlessness (tapping, rocking, pacing) or muscle quivering
  3. Anhedonia (Major Depressive Episode MDE) pg 10.
    Symptom of depressive state markedly diminished/loss of interest or pleasure in all or most activities
  4. Athetoid
    (writhing) movements of the fingers, toes, and extremities; pill-rolling movements of the fingers; back and sideways head jerks, usually to one side; and shrugging of the shoulders
  5. Anxiety (Sigmeund Freud defined) pg 5
    Defense mechanism fear of impending danger
  6. Assaultive pg 53
    threatening to hurt others or actually striking someone
  7. Athetoid (associated with tardtive dyskinesia) pg 45.
    (writhing) movements of the fingers, toes, and extremities; pill-rolling movements of the fingers; back and sideways head jerks, usually to one side; and shrugging of the shoulders.
  8. Benzodiazepine Antiaxiety pg 47.
    Most common group of antianxiety meds. They are all equally effective in their sedative�hypnotic actions but differ in rate of absorption, speed of onset, and half-life. (Examples of commonly used benzodiazepines are lorazepam [Ativan], clonazepam [Klonopin], and diazepam [Valium].)
  9. Bipolar disorder pg 11
    Broad mood variations from mania to major depression
  10. Catalepsy (type of schizophrenia) pg 15.
    The person maintains the body position in which he or she is placed waxy flexibility.
  11. Catatonia (symptom schizophrenia) pg 15
    stupor, muscle rigidity
  12. Cogwheeling (symptoms of NMS) pg 46
    When the client relaxes the arm and the examiner moves it, the movement is jerky and seems to catch a ratcheting feeling when arms are passively moved
  13. Compulsion (OCD) pg 13
    a repetitive behavior (eg, handwashing, cleaning) or a mental act (eg, counting, praying)
  14. Decanoate pg 40
    Long acting injection
  15. Delusion pg 11
    Fixed, false belief not shared by others
  16. Dual diagnosis pg 16
    Literally means that the person has two separate chronic conditions at the same time.
  17. Dyskinesia pg 44
    Involuntary, coordinated rhythmic movements; jerking; tremors; twisting; abnormal tongue movements; tonic tongue; toe movements; tics
  18. Dysthymia (Depressive disorder) pg 11
    A depressed mood for most of the day, most days. The client subjectively describes this state, which may be observed by others.
  19. Dystonia pg 44
    Involuntary and irregular movements of the muscles of the trunk and extremities
  20. Echolalia pg 15
    Repetition of another person's words or phrases.
  21. Echopraxia pg 15
    Repetition of another person's movements
  22. Entitlement (Narcissistic Personality) pg 12
    the world owes me everything
  23. Euthymia (Mood Disorders) pg 10
    Term that means normal mood.
  24. Factitious pg 13
    Disorder is one that is artificial or made up.
  25. Functional disorder pg 8
    No specific causative agent is located
  26. Grandiosity (s/s bipolar) pg 11
    • Feelings of invincibility and exaggerated self-importance
    • .
    • Hallucination pg 10
    • hearing, seeing, feeling things that are not there
  27. Hypersomnia pg 11
    sleeping too much
  28. Hypervigilance pg 10
    increased watchfulness
  29. Intrusive pg 12
    interfering behavior
  30. Malingering pg 9
    Feigning or faking symptoms
  31. mania pg 11
    Agitation, elation, hyperactivity, and hyperexcitability
  32. Neuroleptic pg 43
    Major tranquilizers
  33. Obsession OCD pg 13
    recurrent, persistent, intrusive thought or belief that the person cannot ignore
  34. Opisthotonos pg 44
    Uncontrollable and severe head and neck extension, with body bowed forward
  35. Organic disorder pg 8
    An endocrine disorder (especially of the thyroid), infection, hypoglycemia, drug overdose psychoactive drug or alcohol abuse, cerebrovascular disease, brain lesion can cause organic disorder.
  36. Paranoia pg 10
    Unreasonable fears), delusional thinking (false beliefs)
  37. Phobia pg 13
    A persistent, excessive, unreasonable, and severe fear of a particular thing or event.
  38. Psychosis pg 14
    Deviation from normal behavior and seriously inappropriate conduct
  39. Schizophrenia pg 15
    A group of psychotic disorders that have two or more of the following positive symptoms: delusions, hallucinations.
  40. Tardive dyskinesia pg 44
    a syndrome of involuntary movements. It is a serious and permanent side effect that results from long-term use of neuroleptics