Oral Pathology Chapter 3

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  1. dissolution of intercellular bridges of the prickle cell layer of the epithelium
    acantholysis
  2. immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific memory of a past exposure to that same foreign substance
    acquired immune response
  3. type of immunity based on antibodies developed in response to an antigen
    active immunity
  4. antigen producing a hypersensitivity or allergic reaction
    allergen
  5. hypersensitivity acquired through exposure to a particular allergen that elicits an exaggerated reaction on reexposure to the same allergen
    allergy
  6. severe, immediate type of hypersensitivity or allergy in which an exaggerated immunologic reaction occurs on reexposure to a foreign protien or toher substance after sensitization, resulting in hives, itching, swelling, vascular collapse, and shock
    anaphylaxis
  7. protein molecule, an immunoglobulin, that is secreted by plasma cells and reacts with a specific antigen
    antibody
  8. level of a specific antibody in the blood
    antibody titer
  9. any substance able to induce a specific immune response
    antigen
  10. to reduce the severity of a disease or the virulence of a pathogenic agent as is done in the development of certain vaccines
    attenuate
  11. antibody that reacts against normal tissue constituent of ones own body
    autoantibody
  12. disease characterized by tissue trauma caused by an immune response against tissue constituents of ones own body
    autoimmune disease
  13. type of lymphocyte that develops in lymphoid tissue other than the thymus and that can later develop into a plasma cell that produces antibody, the main initiator of the humoral response
    B-cell
  14. type of immunity that the major roll is played by the T-cells
    cell-mediated immunity
  15. proteins produced by various cell types for the purpose of intercellular communication
    cytokines
  16. a type of WBC that acts as an antigen presenting cell in the skin and mucosa
    dendritic cell
  17. type of immunity in which both B cell and the antibodies the produce as plasma cells play the predominant role
    humoral immunity
  18. decreased salivary flow that may result in xerostomia
    hyposalivation
  19. altered state of reactivity in which the body reacts to a foreign agent or allergen with an exaggerated immune response
    hypersensitivity
  20. combination of an anitbody and antigen producing a complex that can initiate a hypersensitivity reaction
    immune complex
  21. induction of active immunity
    immunization
  22. reduced immune response resulting from hypoactivity or decreased numbers of lymphoid cells
    immunodeficiency
  23. proteins that when secreted by plasma cells serve as antibodies designed to respond to a specific antigen
    immunoglobulins
  24. a substance that alters the immune response by augmenting or reducing the ability of the immune system to produce antibodies or sensitized cells that recognize and react with the antigen that initiated their production
    immunomodulator
  25. specialized dendritic cells found in the skin and mucosa
    langerhans cell
  26. mature neutrophil with a phagocytized spherical inclusion derived from another neutrophil
    LE cell
  27. tissue composed of lymphocytes supported by a meshwork of connective tissue
    lymphoid tissue
  28. cytokines produced by Bcell or Tcell in contact with antigens
    lymphokines
  29. large tissue bound mononuclear phagocyte derived from monocytes circulating in the blood
    macrophage
  30. cytokines produced by monocytes or macrophages
    monokines
  31. mucosal inflammation due to a disease process
    mucositis
  32. type of lymphocyte that is part of the initial innate immune response which by unknown mechanisms is able to directly destroy cells recognized as foreign
    Natural Killer Cell
  33. diagnostic sign whereby the superficial epithelium separates easily from the basal layer on exertion or firm sliding manual pressure with fingers
    nikolsky sign
  34. type of immunity that uses antibodies produced by another person to protect an individual against infectious disease
    passive immunity
  35. cell derived from Bcell that produces antibodies in response to the presense of an antigen
    plasma cell
  36. itching
    pruritus
  37. antibody that binds to certain antibodies found in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and connective tissue diseases such as Sjogren syndrome
    rheumatoid factor
  38. group of signs and symptoms that occur together
    syndrome
  39. lymphocyte that matures in the thymus and is mainly resonsible for initiating cellmediated immunity
    TCell
  40. organ consisting of lymphoid tissue located high on the chest
    thymus
  41. dryness of the mucus membranes including the oral cavity
    xerostomia

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Author:
Hbottorff
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323261
Filename:
Oral Pathology Chapter 3
Updated:
2016-09-16 18:34:42
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oral pathology immunity
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