ch1 organic

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  1. CH3C|HCH3
    proan-2-yl or isopropyl
  2. CH3C|HCH2CH3
    butan-2-yl or sec-butyl
  3. alkyl halide
    an alkane in which one or more hydrogens have been substituted with one or more halogens.
  4. CH2=CHCH2CH3
    CH3CH=CHCH3
    CH3C=CC=CC=CCH3
    • CH2=CHCH2CH3
    •    but-1-ene
    • CH3CH=CHCH3
    •    but-2-ene
    • CH3C=CC=CC=CCH3
    •    octa-2,4,6-triyne
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    5-ethylhept-3-yne
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    4-methycyclopent-1-ene
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    penta-1,3-diene
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    3-chloropent-1-ene
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    4-bromo-3-methylcyclohex-1-ene
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    cis-pent-2-ene
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    trans-pent-2-ene
  12. Name the reaction type:Image Upload
    hydration of ethene
  13. hydration of ethene
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  14. Name some reaction type for Alkene and Alkynes.
    • addition:
    • hydrogenation(addition of H2)
    • halogenation(addition of Cl2 or Br2)
    • hydro-halogenation(addition of HCl or HBr)
    • hydration(addition of H2O)
  15. hydration reaction of cyclohexa-1,3-diene
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    hydration of cyclohexa-1-3-diene
  17. propyne+bromine produce
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    bromination of propyne
  19. hydration of ethene
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    hydration of ethene
  21. HBr+prop-1-ene produces
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  22. Markovnikov's Rule
    When a hydrogen halide or water molecule reacts with an alkene, the hydrogen atom with generally bond to the carbon atom in the multiple bond that has the most hydrogen atoms already bonded to it.
  23. aromatic hydrocarbon
    an unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon with a pattern of bonding that makes it chemically stable
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    1-ethyl-2-4-dimethylbenzene
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    3-phenylhexane
  26. reactions of aromatic compounds
    • Benzene bonds are very stable so they don't undergo addition reactions.
    • They undergo substitution reactions.
  27. benzene + Cl2 produces
    benzene +HNO3 produces
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    • butan-1-ol(primary alcohol)
    • butan-2-ol(secondary alcohol)
    • 2-methyl-propan-2-ol(tertiary alcohol)
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    2-methylpentan-2-ol
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    pentan-1,4-diol
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    benzen-1,3-diol
  32. How can alcohols be produced?
    hydration of an alkene.
  33. dehydration of an alcohol produces
    • an alkene and water
    • Dehydration is the reverse of a hydration.
  34. dehydration reactions
    a reaction that involves the removal of a hydrogen atom and a hydroxyl group from the reactant producing a slightly smaller molecule and water
  35. pent-1-ene + water produces
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  36. Ethers...are...can be formed by...
    • O between 2 C's in a chain
    • can be formed when 2 alcohols react in a condensation reaction.
  37. condensation reactions
    Two alcohols react to form an ether and water
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  39. naming ETHERS
    add -oxy to the smaller hydrocarbon group that is bonded to the larger alkane group.
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    1-methoxypropane
  41. thiols
    an organic compound that contains the sulfhydryl group(-SH)
  42. carbonyl group
    • -C(=O)-
    • a carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen
  43. aldehyde
    • carbonyl group
    • -is bonded to at least 1 hydrogen
    • -at end of carbon chain
  44. methanal
    • formaldehyde
    • HCOH
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    methanal
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    propanal
  47. ketone
    carbonyl group bonded to 2 C atoms
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    propanone
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    7-hydroxyoctanal
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    hexan-3-one
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    4-4-dimethyl-heptan-2-one
  52. how are aldehydes and ketones formed
    controlled oxidation of alcohol
  53. controlled oxidation of alcohol forms
    aldehydes and ketones
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    oxidation
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    oxidation
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    • not oxidized because there is no H attache to the C that is attached to the hydroxyl group.
  57. hydrogenation of aldehydes and ketones form
    alcohols
  58. alcholols can be formed by the
    hydrogenation of aldehydes and ketones form
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  61. produce butanone
    • oxidation of alcohol(butan-2-ol)
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  62. produce butanal
    • oxidation of butan-1-ol
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  63. hydrogenation of propanone
    • forms propan-2-ol
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  64. how to form propan-2-ol
    • hydrogenation of propanone
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  65. carboxyl group
    -COOH
  66. CH3CH2COOH
    propanoic acid
  67. propanoic acid
    CH3CH2COOH
  68. formic acid
    • methanoic acid
    • HCOOH
  69. acetic acid
    • ethanoic acid
    • CH3COOH
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    2-hydroxypropan-1-2-3-tricarboxylic acid
  71. Esters
    • RCOOR
    • formed by the condensation reaction of a carboxylic acid and alcohol
  72. RCOOR
    esters
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    pentyl butanoate
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    ethyl benzoate
  75. esterification
    • the reaction of a carboxylic acid and alcohol produce and ester and water
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  77. carboxylic acids can be formed
    by the oxidation of aldehydes in the presence of an oxidizing agent
  78. hydrolysis reaction of an ester
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  79. how do you form butanoic acid from an alcohol
    • butan-1-ol oxidizes to butanal(aldehyde)
    • butanal oxidizes to butanoic acid
  80. how do you form propyl butanoate
    • propan-1-ol + butanoic acid
    • CH3CH2CH2OH+CH3CH2CH2COOH
  81. CH3NH2
    methanamine
  82. CH3CH2NH2
    ethanamine
  83. (CH3)2NH
    N-methylmethanamine

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Author:
slc53
ID:
323308
Filename:
ch1 organic
Updated:
2016-10-03 11:21:14
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ch1 organic
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ch1 organic
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