FON241-Lesson 9

Card Set Information

Author:
JenKess
ID:
32337
Filename:
FON241-Lesson 9
Updated:
2010-09-01 20:57:53
Tags:
Human Nutrition
Folders:

Description:
Final Exam Review
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user JenKess on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Vitamins are
    Soluble in either water or fat
  2. The rate at and the extent to which a vitamin is absorbed and used in the body is known as its
    Bioavailability
  3. Many of B vitamins serve as
    Coenzymes
  4. With respect to thiamin, which of the following is the most nutrient dense?
    1 cup of snow peas 69 kcalories and .22 milligram thiamin
  5. The body can make niacin from
    Tryptophan
  6. The vitamin that protects against neural tube defects is
    Folate
  7. The lack of intrinsic factor may lead to
    Pernicious anemia
  8. Vitamin C can serve as an
    Antioxidant
  9. The requirement for vitamin C is highest for
    Smokers
  10. Part of coenzyme TPP in energy metabolism
    Thiamin
  11. Part of the coenzyme FAD and FMN in energy metabolism
    Riboflavin
  12. Part of the coenzyme NAD and NADP in energy metabolism
    Niacin
  13. Part of coenzyme in energy metabolism
    Biotin
  14. Part of coenzyme A in energy metabolism
    Pantothenic Acid
  15. Part of coenzymes used in amino acid and fatty acid metabolism
    Vitamin B6
  16. Activates vitamin B12; helps synthesize DNA for new cell growth
    Folate
  17. Activates folate; helps synthesize DNA doe new cell growth and protects nerve cells
    Vitamin B12
  18. Synthesis of collagen, carnitine, hormones, neurotransmitters and an antioxidant
    Vitamin C
  19. Water-soluble vitamins include
    Vitamin C and Vitamin B (Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Biotin, Folate, Pantothenic Acid), B6, B12
  20. Edema or muscle wasting, anorexia and weight-loss, neurological disturbances, muscular weakness, heart enlargement and failure are symptoms of a deficiency of
    Thiamin
  21. Inflammation of the mouth, skin, and eyelids are symptoms of a deficiency of
    Riboflavin
  22. Pellagra (diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia) are deficiency symptoms of
    Niacin
  23. Skin rash, hair loss, and neurological disturbances are deficiency symptoms of
    Biotin
  24. Digestive and neurological disturbances are deficiency symptoms of
    Pantothenic acid
  25. Scaly dermatitis, depression, confusion, convulsions, and anemia are deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin B6
  26. Anemia, glossitis, neurological disturbances, and elevated homocysteine are deficiency symptoms of
    Folate
  27. Scurvy (bleeding gums, pinpoint hemorrhages, abnormal bone growth, and joint pain) are deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin C
  28. Enriched, fortified, or whole-grain products and pork contain healthy amounts of
    Thiamin
  29. Milk products; enriched fortified, or whole-grain products and liver contain healthy amounts of
    Riboflavin
  30. Protein-rich foods contain healthy amounts of
    Niacin and Vitamin B6
  31. What vitamin is wide-spread in foods and assists in GI bacteria synthesis
    Biotin
  32. Legumes, vegetables, and fortified grain products contain healthy amounts of
    Folate
  33. Foods derived from animals contain healthy amounts of
    Vitamin B12
  34. Fruits and vegetables contain healthy amounts of
    Vitamin C
  35. Liver damage, and impaired glucose tolerance are toxicity symptoms of
    Niacin
  36. Nerve degeneration and skin lesions are toxicity symptoms of
    Vitamin B6
  37. Masking a vitamin B12 deficiency is a toxicity symptom of
    Folate
  38. Diarrhea and GI stress are toxicity symptoms of
    Vitamin C
  39. Arguments for Mineral and Vitamin Supplements include
    • 1. Correct overt deficiency
    • 2. Support increased nutrient needs
    • 3. Improve nutrition status
    • 4. Improve the body's defenses
    • 5. Reduce disease risks
  40. Arguments against Mineral and Vitamin supplements
    • 1. Toxicity
    • 2. Life-threatening misinformation
    • 3. Unknown needs
    • 4. False sense of security
  41. Fat-soluble vitamins include
    Vitamins A, D, E, and K
  42. What vitamins chief function includes vision, maintenance of cornea, epithelial cells, mucous membranes, skin, bone and teeth growth, reproduction and immunity
    Vitamin A
  43. What vitamins chief functions include mineralization of bones (raises blood calcium and phosphorus by increasing absorption from digestive tract, withdrawing calcium from bones and stimulating retention by kidneys?
    Vitamin D
  44. What vitamins chief functions include antioxidant (stabilization of cell membranes, regulation of oxidation reactions, protection of polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin A
    Vitamin E
  45. What vitamins chief functions include synthesis of blood clotting proteins and bone proteins?
    Vitamin K
  46. Infectious disease, night blindness, xerophthalmia and keratinization and deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin A
  47. Rickets and osteomalacia are deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin D
  48. Erythrocyte hemolysis and nerve damage are deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin E
  49. Hemorrhages are deficiency symptoms of
    Vitamin K
  50. Reduced bone mineral density, liver abnormalities, and birth defects are toxicity symptoms of
    Vitamin A
  51. Calcium imbalance is a toxicity symptom of
    Vitamin D
  52. Hemorrhagic effects are due to toxicity of
    Vitamin E
  53. Retinol, milk and milk products are good sources of
    Vitamin A
  54. dark green leafy and deep yellow/orange vegetables are good sources of
    Beta-carotene
  55. Synthesized in the body with the help of sunshine and fortified milk are good sources of
    Vitamin D
  56. Vegetable oils are good sources of
    Vitamin E
  57. Synthesized in the body by GI bacteria and green leafy vegetables are good sources of
    Vitamin K
  58. Fat-soluble vitamins
    Require bile for absorption
  59. The form of vitamin A active with vision is
    retinal
  60. Good sources of vitamin A include
    Apricots, turnip greens, and liver
  61. To keep minerals available in the blood, vitamin D targets
    The intestines, the kidneys, and the bones
  62. Vitamin D can be synthesized from a precursor that the body makes from
    Cholesterol
  63. Vitamin E's most notable role is to
    Protect lipids against oxidation
  64. The classic sign of a Vitamin E deficiency is
    Erythrocyte hemolysis
  65. Without vitamin K
    blood fails to clot
  66. A significant amount of vitamin K comes form
    bacterial synthesis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview