Introduction to computers and the Internet

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  1. How internet and web programming technologies are designed to be allowing you to run design pages and application that run across an enormous range of internet enabled devices
    Portable
  2. Applications that respond to request from the client side web applications like searching the internet, checking your bank account ordering tickets
    Server side programming
  3. Technologies used to build web pages and applications that are run on the client (or the browser on the user's device)
    Client side programming
  4. Explains how capacities of computers has double every 2 years, resulting in RAM and bandwidth demands to increase
    Moore's law
  5. Global system of interconnected computer networks, network of networks
    internet
  6. On of the services communicated via the internet
    Web
  7. A collection of interlinked multimedia documents that are stored on the internet and accessed using the HTTP protocol
    World wide web
  8. ARPANET
    • Created in 1971, eventually evolved into the internet
    • Network designed to operate without central control
    • If portion of network failed it could still go alternate paths
  9. Packet Switching
    • digital data sent in small bundles
    • Packets contained: address, error control, sequecing information
    • Address = destination
  10. How addressing was accomplished
    • IP, Internet Protocol
    • IPv4 is the current standard used since 1984
    • IPv6 starting to be deployed due to addresses running out
  11. Communication protocol used to send information over the web
    Hypertext transfer protocol
  12. Berners-Lee invention of a technology for sharing information via hyperlinked text documents
    HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
  13. Created in 1994 a standard for transferring encrypted data on the web
    Hypertext transfer protocol secure
  14. Specifies the address of the web page displayed in the web browser
    Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
  15. Identifies resources on the internet
    Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI)
  16. W3C
    • World wide web consortium, devoted to developing nonproprietary, interoperable technologies for the world wide web
    • Making web universally accessible
  17. HTTP method that typically gets (or receives) information from a server such as an HTML document, an image or search results based on a user submitted search term
    Get request
  18. An HTTP method that typically sends data to a server, like sending form data documents to a server
    post
  19. saving recently viewed pages to speed up browsing experience,
    Client side caching
  20. Three-tier web-based application
    Image Upload
  21. Middle tier logic that processes client requests (like viewing a product catalog) and retrieves data from the database
    Controller logic
  22. Middle tier logic that enforces business rules and ensure that data is reliable before the application updates a database or presents data to users
    Business logic
  23. Middle tier logic that processes data from the information tier and presents the content to the client
    Presentation logic
  24. Web 1.0
    Characterized by being mostly read only, company focus, focusing on page views, having banner advertising
  25. Smallest data item in a computer , can assume a value of 0 or 1
    Bit, short for binary digit
  26. Web 2.0
    going social - businesses using thawed as a platform to create collaborative community based sites
  27. Programmers have more flexibility with ______-side scripts
    server
  28. Helps internet-based applications perform like desktop applications
    Ajax, one of the premier web 2.0 software technologies

Card Set Information

Author:
Kimmiey
ID:
323695
Filename:
Introduction to computers and the Internet
Updated:
2016-12-11 16:17:49
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WB
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WB
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