Ch 6 General Anatomy & Physiology

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  1. the study of the functions and activities performed by the body's structures
    Physiology
  2. The cells of all living things are composed of a substance called...
    protoplasm
  3. _____ is to egg white as _____ is to egg yolk.
    protoplasm; nucleus
  4. What is the dence, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell.
    nucleus
  5. the usual process of cell reproduction of human tissues that occurs when the cell divides into 2 indentical cells called daughter cells
    Mitosis
  6. collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
    tissue
  7. fibrous tissue that binds together, protects, and supports the various parts of the body
    Connective tissue
  8. a technichal term for fat
    adipose tissue
  9. a protective covering on body surfaces like the tissue inside the mouth
    epithelial tissue
  10. What 2 parts is the skull divided into?
    Cranium and Facial bones/skeleton
  11. Joint pain is actually pain that is caused by what?
    inflammation of the tissue surrounding the joint
  12. What bone forms the back of the skull above the nape
    Occipital bone
  13. bone that joins all of the bones of the cranium together
    sphenoid bone
  14. Technical term for cheekbones
    Zygomatic bones
  15. an eleastic, bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs, and other internal organs
    thorax
  16. Inner and larger bone in the forearm(lower arm), attatched to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger
    Ulna
  17. Smaller bone in the forearm(lower arm) on the same side as the thumb
    Radius
  18. Heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee
    Femur
  19. How many bones is the ankle joint composed of?
    3
  20. The part of the muscle that does not move and is attached closest to the skeleton
    origin
  21. The middle part of the muscle.
    Belly
  22. The part of the muscle that moves and is farther from the skeleton
    Insertion
  23. Pressure in massage is usually directed from the ____________.
    insertion to the origin
  24. Muscle that covers the back of the neck and the upper and middle region of the back
    Trapezius
  25. In the hand, muscles that draw the fingers together are called
    adductors
  26. The scientifuc study of the structure, function, and pathology of the nervous system is known as ____
    neurology
  27. The _____ is the largest and most complex organization of nerve tissue and it controls sensation, muscles, activity of glands, and the power to think, sense, and feel
    brain
  28. _____ are whitish cords made up of bundles of nerve fibers, held together by connective tissue.
    Nerves
  29. The simplest form of nervous activity that includes a sensory and motor nerve
    reflex
  30. The largest of the cranial nerves
    trigeminal nerve
  31. What nerve subdivides and supplies impulses to the knee, the msucles of the calf, the skin of the leg, and the sole, heel, and udnerside of the toes
    tibial nerves
  32. Supplies impulses to the skin on the outer side and back of the foot and leg
    Sural nerve
  33. Pulmonary circulation takes deoxgyenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation and waste removal and then returns that blood to which part of the heart?
    left atrium
  34. Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to venules; bring nutrients to the cells and carry away waste materials
    Capillaries
  35. How many pints of blood are there in the human body?
    8-10 pints
  36. Blood is bright red in the arteries and dark red in the veins. How does the color exchange occur?
    with the exchange of carbon dioxide fo oxygen
  37. Secretions, such as insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen, that stimulate functional activity or other secretions in the body.
    hormones
  38. Thyroid malfunction is very common and sometimes can be seen by cosmetologist as a change in the ________________________________________ that changes signigicantly.
    growth rate of hair or nails or quality or texture of hair or nails
  39. What system includes the ovaries?
    Female reproductive system
  40. Acne, loss of scalp hair, facial hair growth, and color, and darker skin pigmentations are some of the reults of changing or fluctuating ________.
    hormones

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Ch 6 General Anatomy & Physiology
Updated:
2016-09-27 03:51:35
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