N456 Epidemiology

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  1. What is the term for preventing the initial development of disease?
    primary prevention
  2. What is the term for early detection of existing disease to reduce severity (potential to return to health)?
    secondary prevention
  3. What is the term for reducing the impact of the disease?
    tertiary prevention
  4. What mode of disease transmission at the person level is based on physical contact?
    direct transmission
  5. What mode of disease transmission at the person level is based on being transmitted through an intermediate source?
    indirect transmission
  6. What is the term for an agent (microorganism, person, or animal) that carries and transmits a pathogen (often insect)?
    vector
  7. What is the term for an inanimate object that transmits a pathogen (e.g. food-borne outbreak or airborne transmission)?
    vehicle
  8. What is the term for disease transmission person-to-person by either direct or indirect transmission?
    horizontal transmission
  9. What is the term for disease transmission from parent to offspring?
    vertical transmission
  10. What is the term for the fact that widespread immunity reduces the transmission of the disease among the few who are not immune above and beyond what might be expected otherwise?
    herd immunity
  11. What is the term for the habitual  presence (i.e. expected amount) of disease within a geographic area - in other words, the usual occurrence of disease in a given area?
    endemic
  12. What is the term for the occurrence of illness in a population clearly in excess of normal expectancy?
    epidemic
  13. What is the term for a worldwide epidemic?
    pandemic
  14. What is the less formal term for when there are more cases than normal but not yet enough to classify as a formal epidemic?
    outbreak
  15. What is the term for a part in relation to a whole (can be a percentage)?
    proportion
  16. What is the term for a quantity related to some measure of time?
    rate
  17. What is the term for the frequency of disease at a given point in time?
    prevalence
  18. What is the term for the frequency of disease that develops over a period of time?
    incidence
  19. What is the term for the incidence of deaths due to specific disease among general population per year?
    mortality rate
  20. What is the term for the incidence of death among those who have the specific disease?
    case fatality
  21. What is the term for what is traditionally the cause/risk factor that either increase or reduces the occurrence of a particular health outcome?
    exposure
  22. What is the term for what is traditionally the occurrence of disease, death, injury, disability, or other pathophysiologic change under study?
    outcome

Card Set Information

Author:
hchristensen
ID:
323739
Filename:
N456 Epidemiology
Updated:
2016-09-27 18:20:12
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N456
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N456
Description:
Questions about epidemiology for N456
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