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Tasks for newly married couples:
- 1. Establishing marital/ family themes
- 2. Negotiation of marital rose
- 3. Conjugal identities- identity of each individual in the marriage
- 4. Regulate distance with family and friends
- 5. Distance within new marriage
- 6. Housekeeping strategies
- 7. Managing finances
- 8. Expressing intimacy and support
- 9. Marital/ sexual script
- 10. Managing conflict
- locked doors
Regulated incoming and outgoing traffic as long as there is no discomfort to other members or violate consensus of the other group
- "Do your own thing"
- Guests made to feel important/welcome
- Always in/out of relationships- makes them vunerable
Two components of boundary maintenance:
- 1. How members communicate/negotiate
- 2. Energy/forethought in selecting elements from outside world that reinforce the family's world views/values
Principle of perceived threat:
Any system defends itself against outside influences when it perceives them as threats to its well being.
Two areas of perceived threat:
- 1. Objective degree of real measure (however measured)
- 2. System member's perception of danger imposed
Perceived threats are...
a competition for time, energy, and loyalty.
Energy spent in selectively sponsoring transactions with external systems.
Relationship either evolves to a deeper level of intimacy and involvement or dissolves.
Examples of premarital programs:
- 1. Participants report high satisfaction
- 2. Report the skills training in communication as the most helpful.
- 3. Greater marital satisfaction
- 4. Lower divorce rates
Outcomes for high risk couples after premarital programs:
- 1. One year follow-up- sustained gains in communication
- 2. 4 year follow-up- higher marital satisfaction
Two goals for counseling:
- 1. Good communication/instruction
- 2. Make clients comfortable with practice
Guidelines for best practices:
- 1. Assess risk profile of couples; static vs dynamic.
- 2. Encourage high-risk couples
- 3. Assess/educate about relationship aggression
- 4. Offer relationship education at change points (marriage, babies, etc.)
- 5. Promote early presentation of relationship problems
- 6. Enhance accessibility of evidence-based relationship program
Age, family of origin-- can't change.
Communication/ realistic expectations.
Should counselors focus more on static or dynamic problems and why?
Dynamic, because they can be changed. The counselor should know the clients' history, as it affects how they interact with others, but there is no changing past events, someone's age, etc.