6. Biogeography: hydrological cycle; precipitation

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  1. Resovoir examples:
    Image Upload
  2. Saltwater %
    97.2%
  3. Freshwater %
    • 2.8%
    • 77% of this from Glaciers
    • 22% groundwater
    • 1% surface
  4. If Greenland melts:
    7m rise in sea level
  5. If Antarctic Ice Sheets melt:
    57m sea level rise
  6. Earths soil freshwater:
    contains more than its rivers and atmosphere combined
  7. Water Graph
    Image Upload
  8. Transpiration:
    process of water movement through plants (leads to evaporation)
  9. Stomata
    small pores in leaves that open to take in CO2
  10. Evapotranspiration
    evaporation + transpiration
  11. Groundwater Recharge
    Rain and snow melt downward into underground aquifers
  12. Residence time:
    Avg. time a water molecule will spend in a specific reservoir within the hydrological cycle
  13. What cools moist air and causes condensation?
    Lifting
  14. Lifting Mechanisms:
    • Frontal Lifting
    • Orographic uplift (ex. from mountains)
  15. For every +1°C, the atmosphere can hold __ more water
    +7%
  16. Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
    • where trade winds of N and S hemispheres come together (near equator)
    • Not fixed- location shifts with seasons

Card Set Information

Author:
Nordy911
ID:
324078
Filename:
6. Biogeography: hydrological cycle; precipitation
Updated:
2016-10-05 05:21:56
Tags:
Biog
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Description:
Biog
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