Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Forensic Science
    the application of science to law
  2. Mathieu Orfila
    Father of forensic toxicology
  3. Francis Galton
    Fingerprints & their classification
  4. Leone Lattes
    created procedure to determine blood type from dried blood stains
  5. Calvin Goddard
    comparison microscope to determine if a particular GUN fired a bullet
  6. Albert Osborn
    Document (handwriting examination)
  7. Walter McCrone
    utilized MICROSCOPE & other methods to examine evidence
  8. Hans Gross
    scientific principles to the field of criminal investigation
  9. Edmond Locard
    incorporated Gross principles within a workable crime lab
  10. Locard's Exchange Principle
    when a criminal comes in contact with object or person, a cross-transfer of evidence occurs
  11. What types/levels of crime labs are there, and approximate how many?
    Federal, State, County & Municipal (& some private) - approximate 350
  12. Name the 5 types of technical support in forensics
    • 1. Physical science
    • 2. Biology unit
    • 3. Firearms unit
    • 4. Document exam unit
    • 5. Photography unit
  13. Name optional services of tech support -
    • 1. Toxicology unit
    • 2. Latent fingerprint
    • 3. Polygraph unit
    • 4. Voiceprint analysis
    • 5. Evidence collection
  14. An individual whom the court determines possesses knowledge relevant to the trial that is not expected of the average person -
    Expert Witness
  15. Guidelines set for determing the admissability of scientific evidence into the courtroom - GENERALLY ACCEPTED BY THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY -
    Frye Standard
  16. List the DAUBERT Criteria -
    • 1. Whether the scientific technique or theory can be & has been tested
    • 2. whether the technique/theoryhas been subject to peer review & publication
    • 3. the rate of error
    • 4. the existence & maintenance of standards controlling the techniques operation
    • 5. the scientific theory or method has attracted widespread acceptance within a relevant scientific community

Card Set Information

2010-09-02 17:27:52

Chapter 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview