Card Set Information
Intro to Vet Science: Chapter 1; Farm Animals: Chapter 2, page 35-38; Clinical Anatomy: Chapter 2.
When a cell divides into 2 equal and identical cells it is called. . .
The use of ATP is needed for the following cell transport system. . .
A liquid with the pH of 7.95 would be considered. . .
Lipids are more commonly referred to as. . .
Filtration takes place primarily in which organ. . .
These cell extensions usually occur in large numbers and move in a synchronous wave to move "products" around. . .
These are chemical messengers such as hormones and neurotransmitters that attach to the cell surface and bring about change in the cells activity. . .
The concentration of _______ is normally 10-20 times higher inside the cell while the concentration of _______ is 10-20 times higher outside of the cell.
Potassium (K), Sodium (Na)
Engulfing of solid substances into the cell is. . .
Substances leaving the cell using the cell membrane to transport them out of the cytosol into the extracellular environment. . .
The movement of ions across the cell membrane which uses energy. . .
The engulfing of liquids by the cell membrane into the cytosol. . .
Hydrostatic pressure forcing a liquid through a membrane. . .
The movement of water across a membrane. . .
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to one of lower concentration. . .
The addition of a molecule of water to a nutrient molecule to start the catabolic reactions. . .
Contain enzymes to help detoxify various molecules. . .
The "bouncer" of the cell, controls movement into and out of the cell. . .
Digests and breaks down incoming vesicles into the cytoplasm, can digest both nutrients and harmful microorganisms (parasites). . .
The organelle responsible for protein production. . .
Messenger ribonucleic acid. . .
Can add substances like lipids to a protein to create a new "product" may be smooth or rough. . .
The energy producing organelle of the cell. . .
The "brain" of the cell, controls all cell function. . .
Antiport system. . . Active or Passive
Sodium potassium pump. . .Active or Passive
Diffusion. . .Active or Passive
Osmosis. . .Active or Passive
Facilitated Diffusion. . .Active or Passive
Phagocytosis. . .Active or Passive
Filtration. . .Active or Passive
Exocytosis. . .Active or Passive
What are the 3 primary energy nutrients. . .MUST KNOW!
Fat(lipids), Carbohydrates and Proteins.
All cells have 3 things in common and they are. . .
A cell membrane, a nucleus and the cytoplasm.
Flexible, elastic barrier surrounding all cells to protect the inner cytoplasm and to allow approved movement in and out of the cell. Composed of proteins, lipids and carbs.
The cell membrane