Cell Anatomy

Card Set Information

Author:
akyla1991
ID:
32430
Filename:
Cell Anatomy
Updated:
2010-09-02 13:31:41
Tags:
Cells
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Description:
Intro to Vet Science: Chapter 1; Farm Animals: Chapter 2, page 35-38; Clinical Anatomy: Chapter 2.
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  1. When a cell divides into 2 equal and identical cells it is called. . .
    Mitosis
  2. The use of ATP is needed for the following cell transport system. . .
    Exocytosis
  3. A liquid with the pH of 7.95 would be considered. . .
    Alkaline
  4. Lipids are more commonly referred to as. . .
    Fats
  5. Filtration takes place primarily in which organ. . .
    Kidney
  6. These cell extensions usually occur in large numbers and move in a synchronous wave to move "products" around. . .
    Cilia
  7. These are chemical messengers such as hormones and neurotransmitters that attach to the cell surface and bring about change in the cells activity. . .
    Ligands
  8. The concentration of _______ is normally 10-20 times higher inside the cell while the concentration of _______ is 10-20 times higher outside of the cell.
    Potassium (K), Sodium (Na)
  9. Engulfing of solid substances into the cell is. . .
    Phagocytosis
  10. Substances leaving the cell using the cell membrane to transport them out of the cytosol into the extracellular environment. . .
    Exocytosis
  11. The movement of ions across the cell membrane which uses energy. . .
    Active Transport
  12. The engulfing of liquids by the cell membrane into the cytosol. . .
    Pinocytosis
  13. Hydrostatic pressure forcing a liquid through a membrane. . .
    Filtration
  14. The movement of water across a membrane. . .
    Osmosis
  15. The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to one of lower concentration. . .
    Diffusion
  16. The addition of a molecule of water to a nutrient molecule to start the catabolic reactions. . .
    Hydrolysis
  17. Contain enzymes to help detoxify various molecules. . .
    Peroxisome
  18. The "bouncer" of the cell, controls movement into and out of the cell. . .
    Cell membrane
  19. Digests and breaks down incoming vesicles into the cytoplasm, can digest both nutrients and harmful microorganisms (parasites). . .
    Lysosome
  20. The organelle responsible for protein production. . .
    Ribosome
  21. Messenger ribonucleic acid. . .
    mRNA
  22. Can add substances like lipids to a protein to create a new "product" may be smooth or rough. . .
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
  23. The energy producing organelle of the cell. . .
    Mitochondria
  24. The "brain" of the cell, controls all cell function. . .
    Nucleus
  25. Antiport system. . . Active or Passive
    Active
  26. Sodium potassium pump. . .Active or Passive
    Active
  27. Diffusion. . .Active or Passive
    Passive
  28. Osmosis. . .Active or Passive
    Passive
  29. Facilitated Diffusion. . .Active or Passive
    Passive
  30. Phagocytosis. . .Active or Passive
    Active
  31. Filtration. . .Active or Passive
    Passive
  32. Exocytosis. . .Active or Passive
    Active
  33. What are the 3 primary energy nutrients. . .MUST KNOW!
    Fat(lipids), Carbohydrates and Proteins.
  34. All cells have 3 things in common and they are. . .
    A cell membrane, a nucleus and the cytoplasm.
  35. Flexible, elastic barrier surrounding all cells to protect the inner cytoplasm and to allow approved movement in and out of the cell. Composed of proteins, lipids and carbs.
    The cell membrane

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