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Heart,lungs and other body systems grow strong and healthy. Good body shape and posture
Learn to deal with stress, cope with pressure in sport, control your emotions,being healthy can make you confident
You have all the basic necessities for life: family, friends, food , a home and a role in society
What do you need to complete a physical wellbeing?
- Exercise regularly
- eat healthy
- get enough sleep
- avoid things that abuse your body (alcohol, cigarettes etc.)
What do you need to complete a mental wellbeing?
- Exercise your brain
- Provide it with sufficient rest
- Poor health can lead to depression
What do you need to complete a social wellbeing?
- Be able to maintain good relationships with people
- if you don't look after relationships it can lead to depression
Physical fitness is a relevant concept:
whether you are physically fit or not depends on the physical task you are set. You can be fit for one task yet be unfit for another. For example a top athlete could be physically fit to get a gold medal in shot put, but be unfit to run a marathon
What is General fitness?
Also known as HRF. Fitness needed to cope wth everyday life. For example to do work in the garden
What is specific fitness?
To take part in sport at a high level. For example a cyclist and a long distance runner will need exceptional amounts of stamina
How can school affect your sports?
- If you have a bad experience with sport in school, it can put you off the sport in the future
- If You have a good experience, there is a good chance that you will be involved in sports outside of school
How can enjoyment affect your sports?
- If you have a good time participating, you will probably want to repeat the experience. If this continues, you will become committed.
- If you enjoy an activity, you may try and improve at the sport
How can excitement affect your sports?
If you are excited to participate in a sport, this feeling will encourage you to try you best in the sport. If you are constantly excited for the activity, you will most likely become committed
How can release affect your sports?
Being freed for a duty or obligation. Participating in activities can allow people to clear their heads from any duties, obligations or problems.
How can success affect your sports?
- Success means different things to different people. Some people see success as enjoying themselves, others see it as winning things.
- If you constantly succeed, you are more likely to become committed.
- Winning can inspire you to improve your performance further, Losing can influence you to analyse what went wrong and improve it
How can relatives and friends affect your sports?
- If you played a sport when you were younger with you parents or older siblings, it can explain how your love for the sport began.
- Playing with relatives would teach you how to play fairly, how to accept winning and losing etc.
How can the media affect your sports?
The media can influence participation depending on what sports they cover and in how much depth
How can Cultural heritage affect your sports?
Passing on and reinforcing shared traditions from one generation to the nextIf you parents both played tennis, they may have taken you to the cost when you were younger, you would spend your time watching and playing the sport. Therefore you have a good chance of becoming committed
How can competition affect your sports?
If you are competitive, you are determined to do well in the sport. If you do well in the sport you will become committed and continue to try in this sport.
What does smoking do to the body
constricts air passages, making it harder to breathe, aerobic performance would therefore be less efficient
Where does the soot,tar and dust sit
in the alveoli in the lungs
what effect does smoking have on the heart
the restricted blood cells need to make the heart work harder to get the required amount of oxygen to muscles
what does nicotine do
- raises blood rate
- blood pressure
- speeds up metabolism
how many chemicals is there in tobacco
Aerobic EP def. and eg
- Exercising with the use of oxygen
- a marathon
Anaerobic EP def. and eg
- Without the use of oxygen, with long rest times
- 100m sprint
Muscular power def. and e.g.
- being able to produce maximum force with speed in an explosive effort
- long jump
Muscular strength def. and eg
- Being able to supply a moderate to small force at high speed to push/pull or lift with ease
Muscular speed def and e.g.
- being able to apply a moderate to small force at high speed
Muscular endurance def and e.g.
- being able to hold or keep repeating a movement for a long period of time.
Flexibility def and e.g.
- being able to turn, bend, stretch and twist easily
how is flexibility determined
By the ability of the muscles and ligaments surrounding joints to stretch and allow full range of movement
how is muscular endurance determined
by the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to work for a long period of time at least than maximum effort
how is muscular speed determined
by the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to contract or relax quickly
how is muscular strength determined
by the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to produce near maximum force over a short period of time
how is muscular power determined
by the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to produce force with speed in an explosive effort
how is anaerobic ep determined
the ability of the muscles and liver to store fuel and the ability of the muscles to utilise this fuel
how is aerobic ep determined
the ability of the respiratory and circulatory systems to deliver nutrients and oxygen to the working muscles and the ability of the muscles to use the supply
static flexibility training
stretching the muscle slowly to its limit and holding it.
Active or dynamic flexibility training
involving bouncing,jerking or swinging body parts.
muscle or group of muscles working against a resistance but no movement of body parts take place
Assault course training
working muscles by you to go over objects, under objects,carrying objects, climb,swim, jump and run
isotonic weight training
a muscle or group of muscles working against a resistance
- heart working 55-90%
- workout should be 20 mins
- recovery lovers heart rate
- 90% mhr
- distance and time are relatively short
- recovery longer than work time