Anatomy

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Author:
corn
ID:
32446
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2010-09-02 15:25:23
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Description:
The Human body: an orientation
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  1. Toward the head end or upper part of the structure or body
    Superior
  2. Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the structure
    Inferior
  3. Toward or at the front of the body
    Anterior
  4. Toward or at the back of the body, behind
    Prosterior
  5. Toward the midline of the body
    Medial
  6. Away from the midline of the body on the outer side
    LAteral
  7. Between a more medial and lateral structure
    Intermediate
  8. Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    Proximal
  9. gonads
    • testes
    • ovaries
    • penis
    • prostate
    • reproductive system
  10. scotum
    clitoris
    labia
    uterus
    uteran tubes
    vagina
    reproductive system
  11. ductus deferms
    epididymis
    seminal vessicles
    urethra
    mammary glands
    reproductive
  12. kidneys
    urinary bladder
    urethra
    uterus
    bladder
    urinary system
  13. stomach
    small and large intestine
    liver
    digestvie system
  14. salivary glands
    esophogus
    pharynx
    pancreas
    gull bladder
    digestive system
  15. lungs
    larynx
    respitory system
  16. aveoli
    bronchi
    trachea
    pharynx
    tongue
    respitory system
  17. lymph nodes
    lymphatic vessels
    thymus
    spleen
    lymphatic system
  18. aponeuroses
    thymus
    spleen
    lymphatic system
  19. arteries
    capallaries
    blood and blood vessels
    heart
    veins
    cardiovascular system
  20. testes
    ovaries
    kidneys
    adrenal and thyroid glands
    endocrine system
  21. pancreas
    thymus
    pituitary gland
    parathoid gland
    endocrine
  22. brain

    spinal cord
    nervous system
  23. tendons aponeoures
    skeletal muscles
    muscular system
  24. bones
    appendicular skeleton
    axial skeleton
    bone marrow skeletal
    ligaments
    skeletal system
  25. sweat glands
    sebaceous glands
    subcutaneous layer
    integumentary system
  26. hair follicules
    nails
    epidermis
    dermis
    integumentary system
  27. Farther away from the origin of a body part
    Distal
  28. Toward or at the body surface
    Superficial (external)
  29. Away from the body surface more internal
    Deep( internal)

  30. Cephalic
    Head
  31. Buccal
    Cheek
  32. Thoracic
    Chest
  33. Umbilical
    Navel
  34. Coxal
    Hip
  35. Femoral
    Thigh
  36. Fibular
    Side of leg
  37. Hallux
    Big toe
  38. Tarsal
    Ankle
  39. Patellar
    Anterior knee
  40. Pollex
    Thumb
  41. Pubic
    Genetal region
  42. Antebrachial
    Forearm
  43. Axillary
    Armpit
  44. Occipital
    Back of head
  45. Acromial
    Point of shoulder
  46. Scapular
    Shoulder blade
  47. Dorsum
    BAck
  48. Olecranal
    Back of elbow
  49. Lumbar
    Loin
  50. Sacral
    Between hips
  51. Perineal
    Between anus and external genetils
  52. Femoral
    Thigh
  53. Sural
    Calf
  54. Crural
    Leg
  55. Popliteal
    Back of knee
  56. Calcaneal
    Heel
  57. Plantar
    Sole
  58. Antecubital
    Front of elbow
  59. Carpal
    Wrist

  60. What are the three interdependent components of control mechanism
    Receptor control center and effector
  61. Monitors the environments and responds to changes
    Receptor
  62. Determines the set point at which the variable is maintained
    Control center
  63. Provides the means to respond to the stimulus
    Effector
  64. The output enhances the original stimulus for an event
    Positive feedback
  65. The output shuts off the original stimuli
    NegAtive feedback
  66. Protects the nervous system and is divided into two subdivisions
    Dorsal cavities
  67. Lines the internal body walls
    PArietal sevosa
  68. Covers the internal organs serous fluid seperates the serosAe
    Visceral serosA
  69. Concerns kidney functions and urine production
    Renal physiology
  70. What a structure can do depends on it's specific form
    Principle of complementarity of structure and function
  71. What are the levels of Structural organziAtion
    • Chemical level
    • Cellular level
    • Tissue level
    • Organ level
    • Organ system
    • Organismal level
  72. Internal environment remains distinct from the outside
    Maintaining boundaries
  73. Process of removing wastes from the body
    Excretion
  74. Determines the set point analyzes the input it receives and then determines the appropriate response or course of action
    Control center
  75. Provides the means for the control centers response to the stimulus
    Effector
  76. Thin double layer membrane
    Serosa
  77. Part of membrane that lines cavity walls
    Parietal serosa
  78. Covers the organs in that cavity
    Visceral serosa
  79. Serous membranes are seperated by a thin layer of lubricAting fluid
    Serous fluid

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