PSYB10 - Chapter 1

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  1. social psychology
    the scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviours of individuals in social situations
  2. dispositions
    beliefs, values, personality traits, and abilities that guide behaviour
  3. fundamental attribution error
    the failure to recognize the importance of situational influences on behavior, together with the tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositions
  4. channel factors
    situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surface but that can have great consequences for behavior- facilitating it, blocking it, or guiding it in a particular direction
  5. gestalt psychology
    objects are perceived not by means of some passive and automatic registering device, but by active, usually nonconscious interpretation of what the object represents
  6. construal
    an interpretation of or inference about the stimuli or situations people confront
  7. schemas
    generalized knowledge about the physical and social world
  8. stereotypes
    schemas that we have for people of various kinds
  9. natural selection
    operates on animals and plants, so that adaptive traits are passed on to subsequent generations
  10. theory of mind
    the ability to recognize that other people have beliefs and desires
  11. parental investment
    the evolutionary principle that costs and benefits are associated with reproduction and the nurturing of offspring. Because these costs and benefits are different for males and females, one gender will normally value and invest more in each child than will the other
  12. naturalistic fallacy
    that the way things are is the way they should be
  13. independent culture (individualism)
    a culture in which people tend to think of themselves as distinct social entities, tied to each other by voluntary bonds of affection and organizational memberships but essentially separate from other people and having attributes that exist in the absence of any connection to others
  14. interdependent culture (collectivism)
    people in such cultures do not have as much freedom or personal control over their lives, and they do not necessarily want or need either
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PSYB10 - Chapter 1
2016-10-28 03:09:13
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