PSYB10- Chapter 7

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  1. attitude
    an evaluation of an object in a positive or negative fashion that includes three components: affect, cognition, and behaviour
  2. likert scale
    a numerical scale used to assess attitudes; includes a set of possible answers with labeled anchors on each extreme
  3. response latency
    the amount of time it take to response to a stimulus, such as an attitude question
  4. implicit attitude measure
    an indirect measure of attitudes that does not involev a self-report
  5. cognitive dissonance theory
    the theory that inconsistencies among a person's thoughts, sentiments, and actions cause an aversive emotional state (dissonance) that leads to efforts to restore consistency
  6. effort justification
    the tendency to reduce dissonance by justifying the time, effort, or money devoted to something that turned out to be unpleasant or disappointing
  7. induced (forced) compliance
    subtly compelling people to behave in a manner that is inconsistent with their beliefs, attitudes, or values, in order to elicit dissonance, and therefore a change in their original views
  8. self-perception theory
    the theory that people come to know their own attitudes by looking at their behaviour and the context in which it occurred, and inferring what their attitudes must be
  9. system justification theory
    the theory that people are motivated to see the existing sociopolitical system as desirable, fair, and legitimate
  10. terror management theory (TMT)
    the theory that people deal with the potentially crippling anxiety associated with the knowledge of the inevitability of death by striving for symbolic immortality through preserving valued cultural worldviews and believing they have lived up to their standards
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PSYB10- Chapter 7
2016-10-28 04:58:28
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