Vocab Ch. 2 3 8

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  1. A physical ailment caused or exacerbated by a state of mind
    Psychosomatic Illness
  2. The effect of the body (soma) on the mind
  3. The ability to go on resolutely or stubbornly in spite of difficulties
  4. A transitory emotional response to a specific situation characterized by feelings of tension, apprehension, and nervousness
    State Anxiety
  5. Condition of being strained or stretched
  6. A relatively stable of anxiety proneness, a predisposition to respond to threats with elevated anxiety
    Trait Anxiety
  7. Area at the base of the brain that serves, among other duties, as a thermostat to maintain body temp
  8. Hormone released from the adrenal medulla and nerve endings of the sympathetic nervous system during times of stress (neurotransmitter). Increases heart rate, constricts blood vessels, dilates air passages, helps mobilize energy, and participates in the fight-or-flight response of the sympathetic nervous system
  9. Stress hormone; another main fight-or-flight response, directly increasing heart rate, triggering the release of glucose from energy stores, and increasing blood from to the skeletal muscle
  10. Lowest blood pressure in an artery during the resting phase of the heartbeat
    Diastolic Blood Pressure
  11. Field of study that explores links between the brain and nervous system and the immune system, or between thoughts and emotions and sickness and health
    Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
  12. Nerve cell that conducts an impulse; basic unit of the nervous system
  13. Minimal level required to elicit a response or a transition point (lactate threshold)
  14. Progressive exercise using weight for resistance
    Weight Training
  15. Eating disorder characterized by excessive dieting and subsequent loss of appetite
    Anorexia Nervosa
  16. Graded exercise test (starts at a low intensity and gradually increases intensity until the test is stopped or volitional exhaustion is reached) during which symptoms of heart disease (ECG, heart rate, and blood pressure, and symptoms such as balance and ischemia) are evaluated
    Exercise Stress Tests
  17. Likely to clog arteries
  18. Vital nutrient required in tiny amounts that humans cannot make themselves and must obtain from the diet
  19. Protein marker associated with higher risk of heart disease
    C-reactive protein
  20. Measurement of the variation within a group or population (plus or minus range)
    Standard Deviation
  21. Development of tension by muscle: concentric muscle shortens and eccentric muscle lengthens under tension; static contractions are contractions without change in length
  22. Chamber of the heart that pumps blood to the lungs (right ventricle) or to the rest of the body (left ventricle)
  23. Insertion of a catheter into a chamber or vessel of the heart; this is done for both investigational and interventional purposes
    Cardiac Catheterization
  24. Open heart surgery in which harvested veins from the leg or abdominal wall are surgically grafted on the outside of the heart to bypass an area that has been blocked of that has serious plaque (atherosclerotic) build up
    Bypass Surgery
  25. (PCI) procedure used to treat the narrowed coronary arteries of the heart that result from CAD
    Coronary Angioplasty
  26. Pertaining to heart muscle
  27. Training method that alternates short bouts of intense effort with periods of active rest
    Interval Training
  28. Without symptoms
  29. Wave that travels down the artery after each contraction of the heart
  30. Harmonious relationship of muscle action with a smooth union or flow of movements in execution of a task
  31. Early rise in blood lactic acid that is associated with long-term endurance or sustainable fitness
    First Lcctate Threshold
  32. Relies increasingly on non oxidative energy production and increases the production of CO2 and lactic acid to levels that begin to inhibit muscular contraction and cause breathing to become labored
    Anaerobic Exercises
  33. Our maximal capacity to take in, transport, and use oxygen (considered definition of aerobic fitness)
    Maximal Oxygen Intake (VO2max)
  34. VO2 max expressed in liters per minute
    Aerobic Capacity
  35. VO2 max expressed in oxygen use relative to body mass
    Aerobic Power
  36. How well someone can take oxygen from the atmosphere into the lungs and thin into the blood, and then pump it through the heart and circulatory system to the working muscles, where it is used to oxidize carbs and fat to produce energy
    Aerobic Fitness
  37. Maximum ability to take in, transport, and utilize oxygen
    Maximal Aerobic Fitness
  38. Measure of how much work is done during exercise. The intensity has an effect on which fuel the body uses
    Exercise Intensity
  39. Exercise intensity at which ventilation rises disproportionably to increasing work and corresponds to the second lactate threshold
    Respiratory Compensation Point
  40. Percentage of maximal aerobic capacity that you can sustain (percentage of VO2 max that people can sustain for events of different duration)
    Relative Fitness
  41. Compound in muscle (and some tissues) to transport oxygen within the cell primarily from the cell membrane to the mitochondria
  42. Length of time that an exercise session lasts (can also be measured in terms of distance covered or calories burned)
    Exercise Duration
  43. Process of adjusting to an environmental change
  44. Highest blood pressure in arteries during the contraction period of the heartbeat
    Systolic Blood Pressure
Card Set:
Vocab Ch. 2 3 8
2016-11-03 16:00:04
Intro to Kinesiology Vocab
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