Chapter 3 study guide

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Sbjohnson on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. law code
    a written set of laws
  2. a written set of laws
    law code
  3. barbarians
    people without civilization
  4. people without civilization
    barbarians
  5. population
    number of people
  6. number of people
    population
  7. cultural borrowing
    transfer of ideas or customs from one culture to another
  8. transfer of ideas or customs from one culture to another
    cultural borrowing
  9. polytheism
    worshipping many gods
  10. worshipping many gods
    polytheism
  11. chariot
    wheeled war vehicle
  12. wheeled war vehicle
    chariot
  13. city-state
    made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages that it controls
  14. made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages that it controls
    city-state
  15. pictograph
    pictures that represent objects
  16. pictures that represent objects
    pictograph
  17. irrigation
    a system for watering crops
  18. a system for watering crops
    irrigation
  19. scribe
    a person who was trained to write and keep records in ancient times
  20. a person who was trained to write and keep records in ancient times
    scribe
  21. Why was Mesopotamia's soil so fertile?
    The Tigris and Euphrates rivers carried rich soil from the mountains that spread across the plain.
  22. Why were floods harmful to farmers?
    In years of heavy rain whole villages might be swept away by the flood waters.
  23. What did irrigation allow farmers to do?
    Irrigation canals carried water from the rivers to the fields. Farmers could keep their crops alive through the hot, dry summer.
  24. What made the plow even more useful to the Sumerian farmer?
    It cut a long trench in the earth where seeds could be planted and the soil was loosened so that roots could grow more quickly.
  25. Why did food surpluses begin to exist in Sumer?
    Improved agricultural techniques helped the Sumerians produce a food surplus.
  26. How did kingship begin in Sumer?
    As city-states grew, they would battle with each other, and some of the military leaders held onto the position of ruler in times of peace...becoming a king
  27. How did the invention of the sail and the wheel help the Sumerians?
    They could carry their grain and wool over long distances and bring home lumber, metals, and precious stones.
  28. Describe the three social classes in Sumer, and who was in each one?
    • Upper class--ruler, his top officials, powerful priests, wealthy merchants, large landowners
    • Middle class--farmers and skilled workers
    • Lower class--slaves
  29. What did the Sumerians believe about their gods?
    They believed that gods represented elements of nature like wind and rain. They believed that the gods behaved like people, but lived forever and had great power. They could bring good or bad fortune to a city.
  30. What is a ziggurat?
    Temples in larger cities where gods were worshipped.
  31. Who developed the cuneiform?
    Scribes in Sumer at 3500 B.C.
  32. How did written language evolve?
    • First, pictures represented words (pictograph)
    • Second, symbols were used for syllables
    • Third, letters were used for sounds
  33. Which country developed the alphabet on which our modern alphabet is based?
    Rome
  34. Why did many armies choose not to live in a defeated city?
    It was too risky...if too few soldiers occupied the city they would not be able to control it. If too many soldiers occupied the city there might not be enough to protect the home city from attack.
  35. Why is a written language an important sign of civilization?
    For Hammurabi it showed the laws of his kingdom and information about life in Mesopotamia.

Card Set Information

Author:
Sbjohnson
ID:
325467
Filename:
Chapter 3 study guide
Updated:
2016-11-08 04:02:19
Tags:
chapter
Folders:

Description:
Study guide chapter 3
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview