Non-Systems_Iontophoresis

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  1. Iontophoresis - define
    • Chemical ions are driven through skin by a continuous direct current for a therapeutic result
    • Therapeutic ion placed under electrode of similar charge to "push" the chemical past skin
  2. Iontophoresis - Indications - 8
    • Analgesia
    • Calcium deposits
    • Dermal ulcers
    • Edema reduction
    • Fungal infections
    • Hyperhidrosis
    • MM spasm
    • MSK inflammatory conditions
  3. Iontophoresis - Contraindications - 4
    • Impaired skin sensation
    • Allergy or sensitivity to therapeutic agent or direct current
    • Recent scars, cuts, bruises, or broken skin
    • Metal in or near the treatment area
  4. pH of skin - normal; acidic vs alkaline & each under which electrode?
    • Normal - 3-4
    • Acidic <3 - under anode
    • Alkaline >4 - under cathode
  5. Iontophoresis - (-) ions
    • A - acetate
    • I - iodine
    • D - dexamethosone
    • S - salicylate
    • + CALCIUM CHLORIDE?????
  6. Iontophoresis - current & intensity
    • Direct current
    • 4-5 mA
  7. Iontophoresis - placement of dispersive electrode
    At either proximal or distal site 4-6" away
  8. Iontophoresis - dosage
    • Anode - 1 mA/cm2
    • Cathode - 0.5 mA/cm2
  9. Iontophoresis - treatment time
    10-40 min
  10. Iontophoresis - which electrode needs to be twice as large regardless of which is active
    Negative
  11. Iodine is for? - 2
    • Scars
    • Adhesive capsulitis
  12. Salicylate is for? - 2
    • Pain relief
    • Plantar warts
  13. Acetate is for? - 2
    • Calcium deposits
    • Myositis ossificans
  14. Dexamethasone is for?
    Anti-inflammation
  15. Copper is for?
    Fungal infections
  16. Zinc is for?
    Dermal ulcers/wounds
  17. Magnesium or calcium is for? - 2
    • MM spasm
    • Vasodilator for ischemia
  18. Hydrocortisone is for?
    Anti-inflammation
  19. Lidocaine is for?
    Pain relief
  20. Lithium is for?
    Gout
  21. Analgesia - what ions? - 2
    • Lidocaine
    • Salicytate
  22. Calcium deposits - what ion?
    Acetate
  23. Dermal ulcers - what ion?
    Zinc
  24. Fungal infection - what ion?
    Copper
  25. MM spasm - what ions? - 2
    • Calcium
    • Magnesium
  26. MSK inflammatory conditions - what ions? - 2
    • Dexamethasone
    • Hydrocortisone
  27. Acidic & alkaline reaction - under which electrode?
    • Acidic - Anode (+)
    • Alkaline - Cathode (-)
  28. Likelihood of burn can be DEC by what? - 3
    • INC size of CATHODE (relative to anode)
    • DEC current density
    • INC space bet electrodes
  29. How often should Iontophoresis be applied? Why?
    • No more frequently than EVERY OTHER DAY
    • D/t potential side effects from using DC (Direct Current)

Card Set Information

Author:
Tanuisha
ID:
325491
Filename:
Non-Systems_Iontophoresis
Updated:
2016-12-26 20:11:48
Tags:
Non Systems Iontophoresis
Folders:
Non-Systems
Description:
Non-Systems_Iontophoresis
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