Science ch. 8

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Rayna on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. chemical change resulting from a collision between atoms or molecules
    chemical reaction
  2. expression that uses chemical symbols to represent a chemical reaction
    chemical equation
  3. what kind of chemical reaction absorbs heat
    endothermic reaction
  4. what is the term for the kinetic energy needed for colliding molecules to chemically react
    activation energy
  5. the principle that states that the total mass of the reactants is equal to the total mass of the products
    law of conservation of mass
  6. original substances that undergo a chemical reaction
    reactants
  7. new substances produced by the reaction
    products
  8. chemical reaction that releases thermal energy
    exothermic reaction
  9. substances that produce hydroxide anions (OH-) in an aqueous solution
    bases
  10. what scale describes the relative acidity or basicity of a solution
    pH scale
  11. branch of chemistry addresses chemical reactions that involve an electric current
    Electrochemistry
  12. solutions that conduct electricity
    electrolytic solutions `
  13. which electrode does oxidation occur
    anode
  14. process of passing an electric current through an electrolytic solution to bring about a chemical reaction
    electrolysis
  15. when an electrochemical cell produces electricity through an irreversible chemical reaction
    Voltaic cells
  16. chemical reaction in which a compound breaks down or decomposes to form different substances
    decomposition reaction
  17. chemical reactions in which an element in a compound in replaced by another element are classified as
    single-displacement reactions
  18. chemical reactions in which two compounds exchange atoms or ions
    double-displacement reactions
  19. which element form more compounds than all the other elements combined
    Carbon
  20. Hydrocarbon containing one or more double bonds between carbon atoms
    alkenes
  21. ring shaped molecules
    cyclic
  22. organic compound with one or more hydrogen atoms replaced with an -OH group
    alcohol
  23. hydrocarbons with one or more triple bonds between carbon atoms
    alkynes
  24. hydrocarbons having only single bonds between carbon atoms
    alkanes
  25. reactants continually replenished from an outside source
    fuel cell
  26. designed to be recharged with electricity  from an outside current source
    storage cells
  27. most widely used types of voltaic cell
    dry cell
  28. electrochemical cell that produces a chemical reaction through that produces a chemical reaction through electrolysis
    electrolytic cell
  29. device designed to produce an electrochemical reaction
    electrochemical cell
  30. substituted hydrocarbons contain the functional group -COO- and typically have pleasant floral or fruity odors
    ester
  31. group of organic compounds commonly used to dissolve oil or grease in water
    soap
  32. a huge organic molecule composed of many smaller molecules composed of many smaller molecules linked together
    polymers
  33. compounds that provide most of the energy for living things
    carbohydrates
  34. What polysaccharide forms the cell walls of plant cells, gives plants and trees their rigid structure, and is an important part of our diet
    cellulose
  35. biological compounds characterized by being insoluble in water
    lipids
  36. proteins that transport cholesterol through the blood
    Lipoproteins
  37. building blocks of proteins
    amino acids
  38. major type of protein has an intricate, three-dimensional shape
    globular protein
  39. special globular proteins that initiate or regulate chemical reactions within the cell
    enzymes
  40. fats that are usually liquid at room temperature
    unsaturated fats
  41. important six-carbon sugar found in both animals and plants
    glucose
  42. relatively small carbohydrates containing up to about ten rings of atoms
    sugar
  43. polysaccharides used for food storage in plants
    starches
  44. polysaccharides used for storage in people and animals
    glycogen
  45. fatty acids are usually combined into larger molecules
    fats
  46. complex organic molecules used to build and maintain living cells
    proteins
  47. when a thin coating of metal on an object by electrolysis
    electroplating
  48. process by which the body produces and uses energy form food
    metabolism
  49. process of cellular respiration uses energy to synthesize a special phosphorus compound called
    ATP
  50. a process where glucose is burned in mitochondria, special power plants within the cell
    cellular respiration

Card Set Information

Author:
Rayna
ID:
325533
Filename:
Science ch. 8
Updated:
2016-12-06 01:13:21
Tags:
science
Folders:
science
Description:
A Beka
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview