module 12 study

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  1. Producers
    Organisms that produce their own food.
  2. Consumers
    Organisms that eat living producers and/or other living consumers for food.
  3. Herbivore
    A consumer the eats producers exclusively
  4. Carnivore
    A consumer that eats only other consumers
  5. Omnivore
    A consumer the eats both producers and other consumers
  6. Basal Metabolic rate
    The minimum amount of energy required by the body every day
  7. From where does the energy in living organisms ultimately originate?
    In the sun
  8. Label each of the following as a consumer,producer, or decomposer:
      A. mushroom
      B.evergreen bush
      C. worm
      D. algae
    • A. a mushroom is a decomposer
    • B. an evergreen bush is a producer
    • C. a worm is a consumer
    • D. algae is a producer
  9. What is the name of the chemical process the converts food into energy?
    Combustion
  10. What does combustion require?
    Combustion requires oxygen
  11. What does combustion produce?
    Combustion produces energy, carbon dioxide, and water.
  12. What are the three macronutrients?
    Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
  13. What is the main thing the macronutriants provide?
    Energy
  14. Do we need to eat more macronutrients or micronutrients?
    macronutriants
  15. Which is larger: a monosaccharide, a disaccharide, or a polysaccharide?
    a polysaccharide is the largest.
  16. Is glucose a monosaccaride, a disaccharide, or a polysaccharide?
    Glucose is a monosaccharide.
  17. What are the two basic kinds of fat? how can you distinguish them?
    Saturated fats and unsaturated fats. Saturated fats are solid at room temperature, while unsaturated fats are liquid.
  18. What are proteins made of?
    Amino acids
  19. In what order does the body prefer to burn the macronutriants?
    carbohydrates, then fats, and then proteins
  20. When proteins are eaten, they are broken down into amino acids. If your cells are short on amino acids, what happens to the amino acids that come from the proteins you eat? What happens if your cells have plenty of amino acids?
    If your cells do not have enough amino acids, the amino acids from the proteins you eat are shipped to your cells so that your cells can make the proteins they need. If your cells have plenty of amino acids, the amino acids from the proteins your eat are converted into carbohydrates or fats.
  21. Why is it important to eat either animal protein or a wide variety of plant protein?
    Your cells must make proteins by linking together amino acids. There are several amino acids which your body cannot make. Thus, you must get them from food. Without those amino acids, your cells will not be able to make the proteins they need to make.
  22. Which type of animal has a higher BMR: an endothermic animal or an ectothermic animal?
    endothermic animals have higher BMRs.
  23. What type of animal is less active on a cold day: an endothermic animal or an ectothermic animal?
    Ectothermic animals are slower on cold days.
  24. What do calories measure?
    Calories are a measure of energy
  25. Consider two men. While they sleep, they burn about the same number of calories. However, the first man needs significantly more calories then the second in order to keep his weight constant. which man is less active during the day?
    the second man is less active during the day
  26. If Jean eats more calories then Wanda in order to keep her weight constant, can you immediately conclude that jean is more active then Wanda?
    No, you cannot. It might be that Jeans BMR is simply much higher then wanda's
  27. Which has higher BMR: a horse or a pig
    A pig
  28. Where Does the combustion of food take place?
    Combustion of food takes place in the cell
  29. Why is the mitochondrion called the "power house" of the cell?
    the majority of energy in the combustion process is released in step 3, which take place in the mitochondrion.

Card Set Information

Author:
eli80
ID:
325711
Filename:
module 12 study
Updated:
2016-11-21 22:22:16
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Science
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