neurocognitive disorders

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  1. Name the ego functions
    • reality testing
    • judgment
    • sense of reality of the world and self
    • regulation and control drives (impulse control)
    • thought process (cognition)
    • Adaptive regression in the service of the Ego
    • Defense functioning
    • Stimulus barriers
    • autonomous functioning
    • synthetic functioning
    • Mastery competence
    • object relations
  2. ego function -- reality testing
    • testing the accuracy of perceptions
    • can be seriously flawed in psychotic states
  3. ego function -- judgment
    • ability to anticipate consequences for behavior 
    • judge appropriateness of behavior in a given situation
    • lacking in teens and people with substance abuse
  4. ego function -- sense of reality of the world and of the self
    • extent to which external events are expressed as real or familiar and belonging to you 
    • common in cases of trauma
  5. ego function -- regulation and control of drives (impulse control)
    • strongly linked to judgment 
    • urge --> action = inappropriate 
    • urge --> thought --> action = appropriate
  6. ego function -- thought process (cognition)
    • how the machine is working
    • memory, concentration, paying attention, concrete and/or abstract thinking
  7. ego function -- adaptive regression in the service of the Ego
    • a person's capacity to play or have humor 
    • to not take things too serious
  8. ego function -- defense functioning
    • when defenses fail,we can look for more psychological problems 
    • maladaptive defenses can affect behavior (denial and drinking)
  9. ego function -- stimulus barriers
    how various barriers to sensory stimulus work
  10. ego function -- autonomous functioning
    • how free the machine is from the effects of conflicts 
    • going through a divorce, but can still focus at work
  11. ego function -- synthetic functioning
    psychological capacity to handle conflicts in relationships
  12. ego function -- mastery-competence
    • actual competence vs. perceived competence 
    • ability to cope with the unforeseen or unexpected
  13. ego function -- object-relations
    • the kind and degree of relatedness to other people
    • how mature that relatedness is
    • recognize people is independent entities 
    • maintain object-constancy 
    • how well a person can handle frustration and anxiety in a relationship
  14. mental statues exam categories
    • Appearance/presentation
    • behavior
    • speech
    • affect/mood (affect = observed, mood = reported)
    • thought process (is one thought leading to another)
    • thought content (what is coming out of the person's brain)
    • cognition (oriented x4 = person, place, time, situation)
  15. what is the mental status examination
    • Method of organizing and evaluating important clinical observations in the here and now 
    • focuses on cognitive process
    • use when there is a history of head injury, dementia, drug and alcohol use
  16. name the neurocognitive domains
    • complex attention
    • executive function
    • learning and memory
    • language
    • perceptual-motor
    • social cognition
  17. name the neurocognitive disorders
    • delirium 
    • major neurocognitive disorder
    • minor neurocognitive disorder
  18. define delirium
    • disturbance in attention/awareness
    • rapid onset/fluctuation
    • additional disturbance in cognition 
    • direct consequence of substance use/withdrawal or general medication
  19. specific delirium disorders
    • substance intoxication and/or withdrawal 
    • medication-induced
    • due to another medical condition 
    • due to multiple etiologies 
    • unspecified
  20. neurocognitive domain -- complex attention
    • ability to direct, focus, sustain, and shift attention 
    • speed of mental processing
    • assessed by performing mental calculations
  21. neurocognitive domain -- executive function
    • ability to plan, organize, make decisions
    • complete tasks following interruption
  22. neurocognitive domain -- learning and memory
    • immediate, short-term, recent, long-term
    • ability to learn store, and retain information
  23. neurocognitive domain -- language
    expressive and receptive language abilities
  24. neurocognitive domain -- perceptual-motor
    • visual perception
    • ability to translate idea into action
  25. neurocognitive domain -- social cognition
    • ability to recognize emotions 
    • consider another person's mental state
  26. what cognitive difficulties are associated with TBI?
    • complex attention
    • executive function
    • learning and memory
    • slowness in information processing 
    • disturbances in social cognition
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neurocognitive disorders
2016-11-21 19:26:03

neurocognitive disorders
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