A&P Lab Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Crainal Nerves

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  1. Diencephalon: most superior portion of the brain stem

    Structures that mark the floor of the diencephalon:
    --Olfactory bulbs, tracts, optic nerve, optic chiasma, optic tracts, pituitary glands, and mammillary bodies
    -____: fiber tracts connecting the pons to the cerebellum
    -____: consists of motor and sensory fiber tracts connecting the brain with lower CNS
    -____: houses vital autonomic centers maintaining homeostasis

    Structures of the cerebellum:
    --Corpora quadrigemina, superior colliculi, and inferior colliculi
    • Cerebral peduncles
    • Pons
    • Medulla oblongata
  2. Diencephalon: most superior portion of the brain stem

    -Structures that mark the floor of the diencephalon:
    --Olfactory bulbs, tracts, optic nerve, optic chiasma, optic tracts, pituitary glands, and mammillary bodies

    -Cerebral peduncles: fiber tracts connecting the pons to the ____.
    -Pons: consists of motor and sensory fiber tracts connecting the ____ with lower CNS
    -Medulla oblongata: houses vital autonomic centers maintaining homeostasis

    Structures of the ____:
    --Corpora quadrigemina, superior colliculi, and inferior colliculi
    • Cerebellum
    • Brain
    • Cerebellum
  3. Conditions

    ____: inflammation of the meninges

    ____: inflammation of the brain tissue
    • Meningitis
    • Encephalitis
  4. Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is a ____-like composition that constantly circulates around the brain to form a ____ that protects the brain tissue
    • Watery plasma 
    • Cushion
  5. CSF is constantly being formed in the ____, small capillary knots hanging from the roofs of the ventricles
    Choroid plexus
  6. Meninges are three layers of connective tissue membranes that enclose and protect the brain and spinal cord.

    ____: the outermost menix composed of two leathery layers, the periosteal and the meningeal

    ____: web-like middle menix that is partially separated from the dura mater by the subdural space

    ____: the innermost highly vascular menix that clings to the surface of the brain
    • Dura mater
    • Arachnoid mater
    • Pia mater
  7. Meninges are three layers of connective tissue membranes that enclose and protect the brain and spinal cord.

    Dura mater: the outermost menix composed of two leathery layers, the ____ and the ____.

    Arachnoid mater:__like middle menix that is partially separated from the dura mater by the subdural space

    Pia mater: the innermost highly vascular menix that clings to the surface of the brain
    • periosteal
    • meningeal
    • Web
  8. ____: major commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres
    Corpus callosum
  9. ____: a band-like fiber tract concerned with olfaction

    ____: separates the lateral ventricles of the cerebral hemispheres
    • Fornix
    • Septum pellucidum
  10. Thalamus: two large lobes of gray matter that laterally enclose the ____
    -Intermediate mass: ____ the two thalamic lobes and bridges the ventricle
    • Third ventricle
    • Connects
  11. ____ : the floor and inferolateral wall of the third ventricle; important autonomic center involved in homeostatic balance
    -____: is a slender stalk that connects the pineal body to the hypothalamus
    Hypothalamus

    Infundibulum
  12. Pineal gland: ______ structure
    Neuroendocrine
  13. _____ : slender canal that connects the third ventricle to the fourth ventricle
    Cerebral aqueduct
  14. ____: a midline lobe of the cerebellum
    Vermis
  15. ____ : a treelike branching of white matter within the cerebellum, known as the "tree of life"
    Arbor vitae
  16. Image Upload
    • 1: Frontal Lobe
    • 2: Parietal Lobe
    • 3: Occipital Lobe 
    • 4: Temporal Lobe
  17. Image Upload
    • 1: Precentral gyrus
    • 2: Postcentral gyrus
    • 3: Lateral Sulcus
  18. Image Upload
    • 1: Central Sulcus 
    • 2: Transverse Cerebral Fissure 
    • 3: Pons
    • 4: Medulla Oblongata
  19. Image Upload
    • 1: Frontal Lobe
    • 2: Temporal Lobe 
    • 3: Infundibulum
    • 4: Facial Nerve (VII)
  20. Image Upload
    • 1: Vestibulocochlear Nerve(VIII)
    • 2: Glossopharyngeal Nerve (IX)
    • 3: Vagus Nerve (X)
    • 4: Accessory Nerve (XII)
  21. Image Upload
    • 1: Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
    • 2: Filaments of Olfactory Nerve (I)
    • 3: Olfactory Bulb
    • 4: Olfactory Tract
    • 5: Optic Nerve (II)
  22. Image Upload
    • 1: Optic Chiasma 
    • 2: Oculomotor nerve (IV)
    • 3: Trigeminal Nerve (V)
    • 4: Cerebellum
  23. Image Upload
    • 1: Optic Tract 
    • 2: Trochlear Nerve (IV)
    • 3: Abducens Nerve (VI)
    • 4: Medulla Oblongata
  24. Image Upload
    • 1: Lateral Ventricle 
    • 2: Interventricular Foramen 
    • 3: Cerebral Aqueduct 
    • 4: Central Canal
  25. Image Upload
    • 1: Anterior Horn
    • 2: Third Ventricle 
    • 3: Fourth Ventricle 
    • 4: Inferior Horn
  26. Image Upload
    • 1: Choroid Plexus
    • 2: 3rd Ventricle 
    • 3: Cerebral Aqueduct 
    • 4: 4th Ventricle
  27. Image Upload
    1:Interventricular Foramen
  28. Image Upload
    • Top: Dura Mater 
    • Middle: Arachnoid Mater 
    • Bottom: Pia Mater
  29. Image Upload
    • 1: Frontal Lobe
    • 2: Olfactory Tract 
    • 3: Optic Nerve 
    • 4: Mammillary Body 
    • 5: Pons
  30. Image Upload
    • 1: Olfactory Bulb
    • 2: Optic chiasma
    • 3: Optic tract 
    • 4: Midbrain 
    • 5: Medulla Oblongata
  31. Image Upload
    • 1: Temporal Lobe
    • 2: Cerebellum 
    • 3: Spinal Cord
  32. Image Upload
    • 1: Pituitary Gland
    • 2: Cerebral Peduncle of midbrain
  33. Image Upload
    • 1: Septum Pellucidum 
    • 2: Interventricular Foramen 
    • 3: Hypothalamus 
    • 4: Pituitary Gland
  34. Image Upload
    • 1: Interthalamic adhesion(intermediate mass of thalamus) 
    • 2: Optic Chiasma 
    • 3: Mammillary Body
    • 4: Pons
    • 5: Medulla Oblongata
  35. Image Upload
    • 1: Corpus Callosum 
    • 2: Choroid Plexus 
    • 3: Pineal Gland 
    • 4: Cerebral aqueduct 
    • 5: Fourth Ventricle 
    • 6: Cerebellum
  36. Image Upload
    • 1: Fornix 
    • 2: Thalamus 
    • 3: Corpora Quadrigemina 
    • 4: Arbor Vitae 
    • 5: Choroid Plexus
  37. The Corpora Quadrigemina is formed by a superior and an inferior ____.
    colliculi
  38. Speciallized projections of the arachnoid tissue called _______ protrude through the dura mater to allow the CSF to drain back into venous circulation via the superior sagittal sinus and other dural sinuses.
    Arachnoid villi
  39. Where is CSF formed?
    Formed by choroid plexuses, small capillary knots hanging from the roof of the ventricles of the brain.
  40. CSF circulates from the two _____ ventricles into the third ventricle via the _____, and then through the cerebral aqueduct of the brain into the _____ ventricle in the hindbrain. Some of the fluid reaching the ____ ventricle continues down the _____ canal of the spinal cord, but the bulk of it circulates into the ______ space, exiting through the three foramina in the all of the ____ ventricle. The fluid returns to the blood in the _____ via the ______.
    • Lateral 
    • Interventricular foramen 
    • Fourth
    • Fourth 
    • Central Canal
    • Subarachnoid 
    • Fourth 
    • Dural Sinuses 
    • Arachnoid villi

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Author:
fjn900
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326058
Filename:
A&P Lab Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Crainal Nerves
Updated:
2016-11-27 12:21:24
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anatomy physiology
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