Trying to deter a specific person from a specific action
Jail vs. Prison
Jail - short term holding
Prison - long term holding
-Cheaper than lock up
-Focus on failure makes this unpopular
Tries to encourage all of society against an action by educating them or fining them for the behavior
-Revolves around who?
-What does it do?
-Revolves around victim
-Restitution: Paying money for needs, wages etc. The Crime Victims Compensation Act is essentially an insurance policy where the criminals pay the premium. This fund is set aside for victims whose violators have no money to pay (they must request the funds).
What is a misdemeanor crime?
You go to jail for up to 90 days
What is a Gross Misdemeanor crime?
Petty theft, DUI etc.
Not quite felony crimes - up to a year in jail
Sentence for a felony crime?
Multiple years in prison
Define a 'bad act.'
Stealing, assaulting, etc. Something you shouldn't do
Explain a Bad Mental State
Determined by words/actions before a crime
Without this, you have an accident (i.e. hitting someone in your sleep!)
Three kinds of Mental Stress
-Intentional: most serious, first-degree (you intend the act)
-Reckless: where you disregard a known substantial danger (i.e. driving past traffic on the shoulder)
-Negligent: unaware of a substantial danger (someone loads your pistol and then you fire it unknowingly)
Another word for Burden of Proof
Two parties to a crime:
-Principle: taking active part in a crime
-Accomplice: aid in a crime's commission
-What are they
These punish dumb criminals...punishes intent (determined by words/actions) - piggy backed onto other crimes
1) Attempted... (intent to commit a crime - you take a substantial step towards its commission)
2) Conspiracy to... (intent to commit a crime - you agree to engage in a crime with others one of whom takes a substantial step)
3) Solicitation to... (Induce another to commit a crime)
When one human kills another
-Justifiable (legal, carrying out punishment)
-Excusable (surgeon's mishap, someone runs out in front of your car, insanity)