Ancient Period

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
32639
Filename:
Ancient Period
Updated:
2010-09-03 20:36:23
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History Botany txt
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Description:
History of Botany
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  1. THEOPHRASTUS (370-287 BC)
    • "Father of Botany" greek naturalist who wrote "History of Plants"
    • 500 species frome the mediteranian 4 groups: Trees, shrubs, undershrubs and herbs
    • Trees are considered the most highly developed
  2. PLINY THE ELDER (23-79 AD)
    • Roman Naturalist, wrote "Historia Naturalis" 1000 species including timber trees, horticultural plants
    • He died at Mt. Vesuvius (volcanic eruption)
  3. THE HERBALISTS (BRUNFELS, BOCK, FUCHS CORDUS)
    Docturine of Signatures, young art of printing, Woodcut illustrations, herbals
  4. JOACHIM JUNG (1587-1657)
    • First Terminologist, node, internode, blade, petiole, simple & compound leaves
    • stamens and styles, disk and ray flowers
  5. JOHN RAY (1627-1705)
    • Monocots vs. Dicots,
    • # of cotyledons, leaf venation, flower parts and vascular bundle arrangement
  6. PIERRE MAGNOL
    • plant families, similarities in: roots, stems, flowers and leaves
    • he was a french botanist, named the magnolia family after him
  7. JOESPH TOURNEFORT (1656-1708)
    plant genera, student of magnol, classified over 10,150 species of plants
  8. RUDOLF CAMERARIUS (1665-1721)
    • Sexuality in flowers, stamens are the male organ, pollen needed for seed formation
    • ovary (seed bearing structure) is the female organ (now a days called the "pistol")
  9. CARL LINNAEUS (1707-1778)
    • Binomial (2 names) nomenclature
    • general name (genus)
    • specific name (species)
    • wrote "species plantarum"
    • commemorated as a scientific authority
  10. MONOCOTS
    • parrellel venation
    • 1 cotyledon
    • flower parts in threes

    EX- corn, iris, wheat and trillium
  11. DICOTS
    • 2 cotyledons
    • flower parts in fours

    EX- water lilly, rose, violet and sunflowers

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