Anatomy and Physiology

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Author:
jessebuck90
ID:
32646
Filename:
Anatomy and Physiology
Updated:
2010-09-18 13:10:45
Tags:
Language Anatomy
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Description:
Orientation and Directional Terms
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  1. Superior (cranial)
    Toward the head end or upper part of of body; above

    Ex: The head is superior to the abdomen
  2. Inferior (caudal)
    Away from the head end or toward the lower part of the body; below

    Ex: The navel is inferior to the chin
  3. Ventral (anterior)
    Toward or at the front of the body; in front of

    Ex: The breastbone is anterior to the spine
  4. Dorsal (posterior)
    Toward or at the front of the body; behind

    Ex: The heart is posterior to the breastbone
  5. Medial
    Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of

    Ex: the heart is medial to the arm
  6. Lateral
    Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of

    Ex: the arms are lateral to the chest
  7. Intermediate
    Between a more medial and a more lateral structure

    Ex: the collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and shoulder
  8. Proximal
    Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

    Ex: The elbow is proximal to the wrist
  9. Distal
    Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

    Ex: The knee is distal to the thigh
  10. Superficial (external)
    Toward or at the body surface

    Ex: The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles
  11. Deep (internal)
    Away from the body surface; more internal

    Ex: The lungs are deep to the skin

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