kin 158 FINAL ch 10
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difference between event code and action code?
event code- perceptual information
action code- formation of motor response
what was the problem with perception-action coupling?
what was an answer to this?
science couldn't explain how sensory info was turned into actions
Prinz Common coding approach- perceived events and planned actions had same domain in brain and were able to have direct communication to eachother
what is the prinz common coding approach?
action and affect were capable of direct communication because they shared same brain domain. the execution of actions were coupled to the effects they created
what is the Bliss-Boder hypothesis
paying too much attention to movement patterns can disrupt performance
Prinz action effect hypothesis
since perception and action operate in the same domain, actions should be planned in terms of their intended effect
whats the most frequently used form of teaching information
what did wolf, hubbs, and printz study look at?
-compared the effects of instruction that focused on the learners movements, versus the effects of the movements.
external focus resulted in better retention and transfer
what is Bandura's theory of observation?
social cognitive theory- all learning is observational by nature and occurs within social context
what are bandera's 4 stages of observational learning?
1. Attention- the attention of learners observation is determined by; motivation, knowledge, skill complexity, previous experience, etc
2. Retention- learner must successfully remember patterns of what was done
3. Reproduction- the learner must be able to properly replicate it
4. Motivation- the learners self-efficacy determines the learners continuation of refining skill
what types of pre-practice information is provided by verbal instruction and visual demonstration?
- -what to think and what/how to do
- -develop understanding of the goal
What are the most effective methods for providing verbal instructions? 3
- -tailor info to needs
- -limit the amount of info
- -make it quantitatively meaningful
What are mirror neurons? How might they explain the processes involved in learning?
-they are special neurons that are activated when a person does a task, or watches someone else do the same task
-they are responsible for the planning and initiation of movements, but not the execution
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