ACE ANTS GENERAL

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  1. Family
    Formicidae
  2. # species of ants in US and Canada
    700
  3. # of species considered pests
    25
  4. Ants belong to order
    Hymenoptera
  5. All pest ant species in North America are eu......
    Eusocial
  6. Ants live in colonies and have a social order with two different castes: workers and
    Reproductives
  7. Most ant species have only # egg laying female reproductive per colony
    One

    But some species may have more than one
  8. The workers care for the ... , forage for ... , and defend the ...
    • Eggs
    • Food
    • Colony
  9. All worker ants are ...
    Female
  10. The only males in an ant colony are pre
    PreProductives - not yet mated
  11. Only preproductive ants have wings and are referred to as al....
    Alates
  12. Workers ants do not have
    Wings
  13. Workers are generally easier to identify than ....
    Reproductives
  14. Depending on the species, the establishment of a new ant colony may involve a single mated queen with some workers leaving the nest to start a new colony, aka ...
    Budding
  15. When male and female reproductives leave the colony in great numbers, it is known as
    Swarming
  16. Some species like ... ants do not swarm at all
    Pharoah
  17. Fire ant colonies may have more than # ants in a single nest
    50,000
  18. One special behavior of ants is their .... following behavior
    Trail
  19. Forager ants follow structural guidelines and use mostly ... seeking patterns to find food
    Random
  20. They find their way back to the nest using ...waves, polarized ... , sun-... cues , visual
    Electromagnetic waves

    Polarized light

    Sung angle cues

    Visual landmarks
  21. Ants returning to the nest with food lay down a special trail ...
    Pheromone
  22. Ants make use of insects for food, like aphids and ... insects
    Scale
  23. Eliminating ... producing insects may help reduce ant populations
    Honeydew
  24. Ant food preferences change with the changing ... states of the ant colony
    Physiological
  25. ... is a sweet liquid secreted by many plant feeding insects including aphids, ...bugs, ...flies, and other ... feeders
    Mealybugs

    Whiteflies

    Sapfeeders
  26. Scale insects benefit from ant .... , which removes honeydew and mold growth from their bodies.
    Grooming
  27. Scales insects also benefit when ants drive off ... like lady beetles and parasitic wasps
    Predators
  28. Signs of honeydew producing insects include egg m....s , egg s..s , honeydew, m..d , w.x , and the insects themselves.
    Egg masses

    Egg sacs

    Mold

    Wax
  29. The first signs of honeydew producing insects are s...y, s....y leaves.
    Shiny sticky
  30. Shiny leaves are usually followed by black, sooty mold d......s
    Deposits
  31. Sooty mold is a type of f....s that feeds on honeydew deposits and it often coats the l....s and t....s of infested plants
    Fungus

    Leaves

    Trunks
  32. If you see a plant covered with d..k mold, sap feeding insects and their ant caregivers are probably close by.
    Dark
  33. Ants have # wing pairs of different sizes
    2
  34. The .... pair of wings is longer than the .... pair
    • Front
    • Hind
  35. Ants have g........e elbowed antennae
    Geniculate
  36. Ant antennae have a long basal segment calle the s...e
    Scape
  37. Ant antennae have a multi segmented section called f.......s
    Funiculus
  38. Ants have a a constriction between the g....r and t....x
    • Gaster
    • Thorax
  39. Anatomical terms used to describe ants are s......y different from those we use for other insect orders
    Slightly
  40. The three main body regions
    • Head
    • Thorax
    • Gaster
  41. The term abdomen is not used because an ant's abdomen extends from the t.. of the gaster to the middle of the t......c body region
    The term abdomen is not used because an ant's abdomen extends from the tip of the gaster to the middle of the thoracic body region
  42. The narrow bridge, the waist, between the gaster and the central body region is called the p.....l
    Pedicel
  43. The pedicel is part of the a.....n
    Abdomen
  44. All ant pedicels have either ... or ... segments aka n...s or p......s
    All ant pedicels have either one or two segments aka nodes or petioles
  45. The presence of n...s is the surest way to tell an ant from a
    • Nodes
    • Wasp
  46. The number of ... on the pedicel is a starting point for classifying ants into s.........s
    The number of nodes on the pedicel is a starting point for classifying ants into subfamilies
  47. One useful way of identifying ant species is to look at the
    Thorax
  48. In some ant species, the thorax is smooth and h...s, while others have ornamentation or distinctive s...e/hairs
    • Hairless
    • Setae
  49. Some species bear s...s in different numbers and configurations
    Spines
  50. Most individuals in the subfamily Formincinae have an a...e, a circular, cone-like, anal orifice at the tip of the gaster that is surrounded by a ring of hairs
    Acidopore
  51. Most members of the Dolichoderinae have a s...t-shaped orifice with no ring of hairs
    Slit
  52. One of easiest characteristics to see on ants is the s...e v...n among workers
    Size variation
  53. Species with workers that are all the same size such as pavement ants are called m...c
    Monomorphic/having one form
  54. Species with two distinct sizes of workers such as bigheaded ants are d...c
    Dimorphic/having two forms
  55. Species with multi sized workers like carpenter ants are p...c
    Polymorphic
  56. Ants with multi sized workers, the smallest ants are m...s and thelagest are m...s
    • Minors
    • Majors
  57. Intermediate sized ants are calle m...s
    Medias
  58. V...y in worker size can aid in i...n and is another reason why it is important to collect multiple ant workers
    • Variability
    • Identification
  59. Ants belong to family F...e
    Formicidae
  60. Ants belong to order H...a
    Hymenoptera
  61. Theree important ant subfamilies - D...e , F...e , M...e
    • Dolichoderinae
    • Formincinae
    • Myrmicinae
  62. Ants with two nodes subfamily
    Mymicinae
  63. Ants with one node, ring of hairs around nozzle like anal opening on tip of gaster
    Formincinae
  64. Ants with one node, slit like anal opening, no ring of hairs
    Dolichoderinae
  65. Carpenter ants - many s...s , some are h...y d...e and some are n...e pests
    • Highly destructive
    • Nuisance

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Author:
mrsparkleunoyobestowashoo
ID:
326698
Filename:
ACE ANTS GENERAL
Updated:
2016-12-11 01:56:51
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ACE ANTS GENERAL
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ACE ANTS GENERAL.txt
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