Ab Psych - ADHD

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The flashcards below were created by user Ant on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. ADHD Gender Ratio
    More prevalent in boys
  2. ADHD Onset
    • Present by age 4
    • Referalls peak around 8-10
  3. School age prevalence of ADHD
    3-5%
  4. Most common symptom in young children, adolescents?
    Overactivity (younger), Impulsiveness (Older)
  5. Risk factors of ADHD
    • Poorer employment
    • Drug Abuse
    • Motor Accidents
  6. Features concurrent with ADHD
    • Academic underachievement
    • Oppositionl/Defiant behaviour
    • Emotional issues
    • Peer Difficulties - Fighting
    • Clumsiness
    • Trouble Sleeping
    • Excretion
  7. Requisites for ADHD
    • Apparent at home and school
    • Not environmentally caused
    • Can occur without hyperactivity
  8. ADHD Assessment Methods
    • Direct: Classroom observation, performance testing
    • Indirect: Attention scales, Questionairres
  9. Direct Performance tests (ADHD)
    • Continuous Performance Test
    • Children's Checking Test
    • Both have high false negative rates
  10. Genetic factors influencing ADHD
    • 30-50% Heritability
    • 50-100% Monozygotic twins
    • Increased risk with ADHD, nongenetic parent
  11. Neurological causes/basis of ADH
    • Underactive prefrontal and limbic system
    • Reduced left anterior lobe metabolism
    • Smaller right prefrontal lobe
    • Weak associations with birth complications and injury
  12. ADHD Psychological Treatment
    • Goal Setting and Reinforcement
    • Parental Counselling
    • Education management
  13. Biological Treatments of ADHD
    • Stimulants
    • Improved compliance and negative behaviours
    • Not long term
    • Does not improve academic performance

Card Set Information

Author:
Ant
ID:
326742
Filename:
Ab Psych - ADHD
Updated:
2016-12-12 05:34:56
Tags:
Psych
Folders:
Psych
Description:
Psych
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