MENTAL DISORDER

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Anonymous
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3274
Filename:
MENTAL DISORDER
Updated:
2009-12-16 19:55:10
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MENTAL DISORDER
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Description:
CAUSES AND MOOD DISORDERS vii. eating disorder
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  1. Schizophrenia-
    a serious psychotic mental disorder that afflicts one out of every 100 people or 6%
  2. a. symptons of schizophrenia (emphasis on Paranoid)
    • * distrubances in perception (impared filtering and selection).
    • hallucination (e.g., hearing voices, seeing things,etc).
    • *distrubances in language & though
    • delusion-distored beliefs
    • *emotional disturbances-exaggerated or blunted emotions
    • *behavioral distrubances-social withdrawal, bizarre mannerisms
  3. 1. biological theory:
    • a. genetics
    • b. neurotranmitters
    • dopamine hypothese- recent research indicates that there may excess dopamine
    • in the temporal areas of the brain and a depletion of dopamine in the frontal areas.
    • c. brain function
  4. 2. psychosocial theory -
    • most scientist agree that schizophrenia has a biological cause, but there are psychosocial
    • influences:
    • * stress- extremely stresful situation often triggers this disorder
    • * family communications
  5. * expressed emotionality-
    a tendency to be critical and hostile or to be emotionally over-involded-canlead to a relapse or worsening of symptons.
  6. personality disorder-
    invole inflexible, maladaptive perosnality traits
  7. ANTISOCIAL PEROSNALITY- "SOCIPATH," PSYCHOPATH" MOST SERIOUS
    • SYMPTOMS:
    • *lack guilt, remorse
    • * superficial charm
    • * impulsive
    • * egocentric
  8. 2. borderline personality- characterized by:
    • *self-injuring behavior
    • *instability in relationships
    • *attention-seeking
  9. substance abuse-
    drug use causes harm to self or others, i.e interferes w/ a person's social or occupational functioning.
  10. substance dependence-
    tolerance and or / withdrawal
  11. eating disorders-
    distrubances in eating behavior that invole maladaptive and unhealthy efforts to control body weight .
  12. anorexia nervos (20% die)
    an eating disorder involving intense fear of gainingweight coupled with refusal to maintain normal body weight.
  13. bulimia nervosa:
    • an eating disorder in which individuals engage in recurrent episodes of binge eating
    • followed by some form of purging.

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