RSTD 212 Exam 2

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  1. Adonai
    • "Lord"
    • Ways of referring to the central deity in the Hebrew Bible
  2. Ha Shem
    • "The Name"
    • ways of referring to the central deity in the Hebrew Bible
  3. Torah
    God's law or instructions; comes in written and oral forms
  4. Creation
    God created the heavens and the earth, which are real and not an illusion
  5. The Covenant
    an agreement between God and Israel exchanging worship and protection (contract/testament)
  6. Shabbat (the Sabbath day)
    7th day of the week, sundown to sundown, in honor of God's resting for a day after creating for six days. Friday afternoon to Saturday afternoon
  7. Monotheism
    the belief that there is only one supreme God for all people
  8. Talmud
    ongoing commentary on Torah, filled with many stories
  9. In the Torah, what would God's questions be at your judgment?
    • Did you conduct your affairs honestly?
    • Did you set aside time for Torah study?
    • Did you work at having children?
    • Did you look to the world's redemption?
  10. True or False: Judaism's relationship to its scripture is more strict and immovable than Christianity's.
    False. Judaism's relationship to its scripture has always been more free and playful. God is a practical being
  11. The Messiah
    ("the anointed one") a descendant of King David who restores the Jewish kingdom
  12. Which is stressed more highly in Judaism: ethics or beliefs?
    Ethics. Belief that ethics rather than theological criteria for judgment, stress less the beliefs that one assent to and more the moral value of one's actions
  13. Revelation in History
    historical events seen as revealing God's will
  14. Call of Abram
    Genesis 12
  15. Where did God tell Abram to go?
    Canaan, "to the land that I will show you" (Romans called it "Palestine" which used to belong to the Philistines)
  16. What was Abram's native land?
    Harran (originally from Ur)
  17. What is a terebinth? What is its significance? (Call of Abraham)
    An oak tree with sacred significance. Represents the practices of the indigenous religions of Canaan
  18. What was the burning bush?
    Moses came across the bush that was burning but was not disintegrating. Heard God's voice in it
  19. Where did Moses encounter God?
    Mount Horeb, or Mount Sinai
  20. How did Moses respond to God's calling him out of the burning bush?
    He answered, "Here am I"
  21. How did the Lord describe the land to which he planned to bring his people?
    A land flowing with milk and honey (sign of prosperity)
  22. In what year did Abraham migrate to Canaan?
    1870 BCE
  23. In what year did the Exodus from Egypt take place?
    1280 BCE
  24. In what year was the first Temple (Solomon's Temple) built?
    960 BCE
  25. When was the Temple destroyed/the Babylonian exile?
    586-538 BCE
  26. When was the second Temple built?
    515 BCE
  27. When was the publication of the Torah?
    430 BCE
  28. When was the second Temple destroyed and first rabbinic academy?
    70 CE
  29. When was the Babylonian Talmud?
    500 BCE
  30. When were the Jews expelled from Spain?
    1492 CE
  31. When was the Reform Movement?
    c. 1800 CE
  32. When was the Holocaust?
    1937-1945 CE
  33. When was the formation of Israel?
    1948 CE
  34. Various names associated with the Jewish people
    Hebrews, Israelites, Jews (Judeans), Israelis
  35. Hebrews meaning?
    began with Abraham. refers to the ancestral tribes before Israel became a nation under Moses during the Exodus (outcasts)
  36. Israelites meaning?
    began with Moses. Hebrew tribes who followed Moses into the wilderness
  37. Jews (Judeans) meaning?
    the Israelites who returned to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem after 538 - their religion is now called Judaism
  38. Israelis meaning?
    citizens of the modern state of Israel (founded in 1948)
  39. Judaism meaning?
    for the sake of simplicity, we can refer to the whole of this religion as Judaism
  40. Jewish sacred writings
    Bible, "Old Testament", Jewish Bible, Hebrew Bible, Torah, Tanak (Tanakh), Talmud (commentary on the Torah)
  41. Torah
    "instruction". Numerous meanings. written, associated with Moses. Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy
  42. TaNaK
    • T= Torah (Law/instructions)
    • N = Nevi'im (the Prophets)
    • K = Kethuvim (the Writings, such as song of solomon, proverbs, psalms)
  43. Talmud
    Oral Torah. associated with Rabbis, trying to make sense of the text.
  44. Mishnah
    first level of commentary in the Talmud
  45. Gemara
    commentary on the Mishnah in the Talmud
  46. Scripture
    text that a religious community holds to be especially sacred and authoritative
  47. Canon
    a more or less fixed collection of books regarded as scriptural
  48. Commentary
    a book that passage by passage explains a scripture
  49. Genre
    a literary form, such as poetry, myth (stories), narrative history, and philosophical meditation (reflection)
  50. Oral Tradition
    word-of-mouth transmission of a sacred tradition over many generations
  51. Orthodoxy
    Jews who practice strict adherence to the Talmud
  52. Reform
    Jews who apply methods of historical criticism to the Talmud and Torah
  53. Conservatism
    less liberal than Reform and less orthodox than Orthodoxy  in its approach to the Talmud. More of a middle-ground between the two.
  54. Reconstruction
    holds that the Jewish people are the heart of Judaism, not the Talmud
  55. Hasidism
    "pietism". ecstatic spiritual movement in which the worshipper unites with the God through prayer
  56. Zionism
    movement to create a modern Jewish state
  57. 6 Main forms of contemporary Judaism
    Orthodoxy, reform, conservatism, reconstruction, hasidism (pietism), zionism
  58. Jewish philosophers
    Philo, Maimonides, Moses Mendelssohn
  59. Philo
    first Jewish philosopher; adapted Judaism to Greek philosophy
  60. Maimonides
    greatest medieval Jewish philosopher; synthesized Judaism with Greek and Islamic thought
  61. Moses Mendelssohn
    early modern German religious liberal; taught that religious truth is available through reason to all people
  62. multiple ways to read a sacred text?
    reading for pleasure, personal edification, historically, comparatively, critically, hermeneutically
  63. reading for pleasure
    for the literary delights of the texts. what literary techniques did the authors use that make the text pleasurable to read?
  64. reading for personal edification
    for moral and spiritual guidance. what is the text saying to me right now that I can apply to my own search for meaning and answers to life's big issues?
  65. reading historically
    reconstructing the time and place of the text. What does this text tell me about the lives of the people who wrote these texts?
  66. reading comparatively
    viewing the text from the perspective of multiple religious traditions. Does anything in this text make me think of similar (or different) ideas and practices in the texts of other religious traditions?
  67. reading critically
    evaluating the values, beliefs, and biases that shape the text. How do the values, beliefs, and biases that I detect in this text support or challenge my own values and the values of contemporary society?
  68. reading hermeneutically
    reading the text as a living world inviting me to enter into its embrace. How do I feel when I enter as a participant into the world that the text presents to me?
  69. Hasidism
    a mystical movement started by the Baal Shem Tov
  70. Baal Shem Tov
    "Master of the Divine Name." a zaddik and a founder of Hasidism
  71. Zaddik
    "a righteous person." a Hasidic spiritual guide
  72. Kavanah
    "intention." the most generic Hebrew term for meditation.
  73. Devekut
    "cleaving". a mystical state of communion with God.
  74. Kabbalah
    "that which is received." reveals the hidden life of God in meditation
  75. How many creation stories are there in the first two chapters of Genesis?
    Standard academic scholarship sees two accounts in this passage.
Card Set:
RSTD 212 Exam 2
2017-02-09 17:05:52
philosophy RSTD Judaism Rose religions west
Exam 2, Judaism
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